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The isolated membrane skeleton of human erythrocytes was studied by high resolution negative staining electron microscopy. When the skeletal meshwork is spread onto a thin carbon film, clear images of a primarily hexagonal lattice of junctional F-actin complexes crosslinked by spectrin filaments are obtained. The regularly ordered network extends over the(More)
A distinctive pathological feature of Plasmodium falciparum malaria is the endothelial attachment of erythrocytes infected with mature asexual-stage parasites in microvessels of the major organs. Electron-dense protrusions described as knobs are displayed on the surface of parasitized erythrocytes and act as attachment points in cytoadherence.(More)
Two distinct murine monoclonal antibodies, designated MA-I and MA-II, and limited proteolysis with thrombin and trypsin have been used to probe the structure of human platelet thrombospondin. The results indicate that each of the constituent chains of thrombospondin comprise four distinct polypeptide segments. The production of these segments is influenced(More)
The role of ankyrin in the formation and stabilization of the spectrin-based skeletal meshwork and of band 3 oligomers was studied by characterizing, in nb/nb mouse red cells, the effect of ankyrin deficiency on skeletal ultrastructure, band 3-skeleton associations, and band 3 oligomeric states. Despite severe ankyrin deficiency, nb/nb mouse red cell(More)
The thrombospondins are a family of extracellular calcium binding proteins that are involved in cell proliferation, adhesion, and migration. We have sequenced full-length human thrombospondin-4 and characterized the recombinant protein. In contrast to Xenopus laevis thrombospondin-4, the human protein contains an RGD cell binding sequence in the third type(More)
The membrane skeleton of normal erythrocytes is largely organized into a hexagonal lattice of junctional complexes (JC) crosslinked by spectrin tetramers, and occasional double tetramers and hexamers. To explore possible skeletal alterations in hereditary spherocytosis (HS), elliptocytosis (HE), and pyropoikilocytosis (HPP), we have studied the(More)
Southeast Asian ovalocytosis (SAO) is an asymptomatic trait characterized by rigid, poorly deformable red cells that resist invasion by several strains of malaria parasites. The underlying molecular genetic defect involves simple heterozygous state for a mutant band 3 protein, which contains a deletion of amino acids 400 through 408, linked with a Lys(More)
The spectrin tetramer, the principal structural element of the red cell membrane skeleton, is formed by stable head-to-head self-association of two spectrin heterodimers. The self-association site appears to be formed by interactions between helices 1 and 2 of beta spectrin repeat 17 of one dimer with helix 3 of alpha spectrin repeat 1 of the other dimer to(More)
Spectrin was shown previously to interact with phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine, which are preferentially localized in the inner half of the membrane lipid bilayer, but this interaction is not well characterized. In the present study we used electron microscopy of rotary-shadowed platinum replicas of spectrin dimer-phosphatidylserine(More)