L. H. Acioli

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Self-focusing has recently been used for fast saturable absorber mode locking and femtosecond pulse generation in Ti:Al(2)O(3) lasers. We describe the operation, design, and optimization of self-focusing loss modulators for mode locking. A new formalism is developed that simplifies the treatment of self-focusing in thick nonlinear media by using a simple(More)
An experimental investigation of the coherent interaction of femtosecond pulses with two resonant sequential transitions of Rb atoms is presented. Fluorescence from the atomic system exhibits beating at a frequency given by difference in the sequential atomic transitions. The results are interpreted in terms of quantum interference in the induced coherence(More)
We report the observation of the interferometric response in parametric four-wave mixing in rubidium atoms excited by a pair of ultrashort pulses. For pulses with orthogonal polarizations and in the presence of the two-photon transition 5S-5D reveals a one-photon quantum interference, in contrast to the optical interference observed when the pulses have(More)
Pairs of pulses from an incoherent source are used to investigate the time-resolved four-wave mixing response of atomic rubidium when a two-photon resonance is involved in the nonlinear process. By varying the relative polarization of the pulse pairs, we are able to select the quantum pathways and clearly distinguish optical and quantum interferences.
We have investigated the third-order nonlinear optical response of a glass-ceramic containing sodium niobate (NaNbO3) nanocrystals using picosecond Z-scan and femtosecond optical Kerr gate techniques at 1064 nm and 800 nm, respectively. The results show a large dependence of the nonlinear refraction index (n2) on the volume fraction of NaNbO3 crystallites.(More)
Broadband single photons are usually considered not to couple efficiently to atomic gases because of the large mismatch in bandwidth. Contrary to this intuitive picture, here we demonstrate that the interaction of ultrashort single photons with a dense resonant atomic sample deeply modifies the temporal shape of their wave packet mode without degrading(More)
We study the influence of shaping the phase of the optical field when time-delayed femtosecond pulse pairs excite a sequential two-photon transition in rubidium atoms. Propagation through this optically dense medium modifies the pulse profile. When an external phase is introduced into one of the pulses, partial cancellation of the two-photon absorption(More)
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