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The cellular uptake of microcystin-LR, a cyclic heptapeptide hepatotoxin from the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa, was studied by means of a radiolabelled derivative of the toxin. 3H-dihydromicrocystin-LR. The uptake of 3H-dihydromicrocystin-LR was shown to be specific for freshly isolated rat hepatocytes whereas the uptake in the human(More)
To study the structural requirements of the molecular interactions between cholesterol and sphingomyelins in model membranes, sphingomyelin derivatives were synthesized in which (a) the 3-hydroxy group was replaced with a hydrogen atom or with a methoxy, ethoxy, or tetrahydropyranyloxy group, (b) the N-acyl chain length was varied, and (c) the N-acyl chain(More)
The cholesterol oxidase-catalyzed oxidation of cholesterol in native low density (LDL) and high density lipoproteins (HDL3) as well as in monolayers prepared from surface lipids of these particles, has been examined. The objective of the study was to compare the oxidizability of cholesterol, and to examine the effects of lipid packing on oxidation rates.(More)
The catalytic activity of cholesterol oxidase from Streptomyces sp. in mixed monolayers of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoylphosphatidylcholine (POPC), N-oleoylsphingomyelin (O-SPM), and cholesterol (CHL) has been determined at lateral surface pressures between 10 and 30 mN/m. The highest cholesterol oxidase activity (determined at 37 degrees C) was observed at surface(More)
A method for the determination of hydralazine substance is described. Hydrazine is derivatized in aqueous media with benzaldehyde to benzalazine. After extraction to an organic phase containing a homologue as marker, the sample is subjected to capillary column gas chromatography with nitrogen-selective detection. A prolonged reaction with 0.1 M benzaldehyde(More)
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