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Vestibulospinal reflexes play an important role for body stabilization during locomotion and for postural control. For an appropriate distribution of vestibular signals to spinal motoneurons, the orientation of the body relative to the head needs to be taken into account. For different trunk positions, identical vestibular stimuli must activate different(More)
The fastigial nucleus (FN) receives vestibular information predominantly from Purkinje cells of the vermis. FN in the monkey can be divided in a rostral part, related to spinal mechanisms, and a caudal part with oculomotor functions. To understand the role of FN during movements in space, single-unit activity in alert monkeys was recorded during passive(More)
Neurons in the rostral part of the fastigial nucleus (FN) respond to vestibular stimulation but are not related to eye movements. To understand the precise role of these vestibular-only neurons in the central processing of vestibular signals, unit activity in the FN of alert monkeys (Macaca mulatta) was recorded. To induce vestibular stimulation, the monkey(More)
To determine the contribution of the otoliths as well as the horizontal and vertical semicircular canals to the response of "vestibular only" neurons in the rostral fastigial nucleus of the alert monkey, we applied natural sinusoidal vestibular stimuli (0.6 Hz; ±15 deg) around different axes. During the experiment the monkey sat erect in a primate chair(More)
The rostral fastigial nucleus contains vestibular neurons, which presumably are involved in spinal mechanisms (neck, gait, posture) and which are not modulated with individual eye movements. Single-unit recordings in the alert behaving monkey during natural stimulus conditions reveal that virtually all neurons demonstrate integration of several sensory(More)
To investigate the otolith contribution to the responses of "vestibular only" neurons in the rostral fastigial nucleus (FN), single-unit activity was recorded in the alert monkey with the head fixed during static and dynamic stimulation (+/- 15 deg, 0.06-1.4 Hz) around an earth-fixed horizontal axis. Head orientation could be altered allowing for roll,(More)