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[11C]Raclopride binding to central D2-dopamine receptors in humans has previously been examined by positron emission tomography (PET). Based on the rapid occurrence of binding equilibrium, a saturation analysis has been developed for the determination of receptor density (Bmax) and affinity (Kd). For analysis of PET measurements obtained with other ligands,(More)
An adjustable computerized atlas of the human brain has been developed, which can be adapted to fit individual anatomy. It is primarily intended for positron emission tomography (PET) but may also be used for single photon emission CT, transmission CT, magnetic resonance imaging, and neuroimaging-based procedures, such as stereotactic surgery and(More)
Previous studies have shown that sensory stimulation and voluntary motor activity increase regional cerebral glucose consumption and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). The present study had 3 purposes: (1) to examine whether pure mental activity changed the oxidative metabolism of the brain and, if so, (2) to examine which anatomical structures were(More)
1. We used functional positron emission tomography (PET), measuring regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) as an index of neuronal activity, to investigate the central processing of itch in 10 healthy volunteers subjected to intracutaneous injections of histamine. 2. The study has unraveled a central representation that depicts a motor intention of the urge to(More)
The computerized brain atlas programme (CBA) provides a powerful tool for the anatomical analysis of functional images obtained with positron emission tomography (PET). With a repertoire of simple transformations, the data base of the CBA is first adapted to the anatomy of the subject's brain represented as a set of magnetic resonance (MR) or computed(More)
The Cologne Special is a prototype of the ECAT EXACT (model 921), a new generation of Siemens-CTI PET scanners. It consists of three rings of 48 BGO block detectors each, covering an axial field of view of 16.2 cm with a patient port of 56.2 cm diameter. This results in a total of 24 rings with 384 crystals each, giving 47 contiguous image planes in(More)
Positron emission tomographic measurements of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were used to investigate central nervous system correlates of fear and anxiety. Volunteers with symptomatic snake phobia were studied while exposed to visual phobogenic, aversive, and neutral stimuli. Anxiety ratings and the number of nonspecific electrodermal fluctuations(More)
The defense reaction, a fundamental reflex in the human behavioral response to threat, is characterized by anxiety and increased activity of the sympathetic nervous system. To study changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) related to the defense reaction, volunteers with snake phobia were investigated with positron emission tomography. The relative(More)
Using antibodies to neuropeptide Y (NPY) in combination with immunohistochemical techniques we have studied the distribution of cell bodies and nerve terminals containing NPY immunoreactivity (-i) in the hippocampal region of rats and monkeys (cynomolgus). In colchicine-pretreated rats a large number of NPY-positive cells are present in all areas of the(More)
A new dopamine receptor antagonist, Raclopride (S-(-)-3,5-dichloro-N-[(1-ethyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)]methyl-2-hydroxy- 6-methoxybenzamide, FLA 870) (1), has been labelled using [11C]ethyl iodide for alkylation of the nitrogen of the pyrrolidine ring in the corresponding secondary amine (5). The synthesis of 5 and an efficient method for the preparation of(More)