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Poliovirus type 1 neurovirulence is difficult to analyze because of the 56 mutations which differentiate the neurovirulent Mahoney strain from the attenuated Sabin strain. We have isolated four neurovirulent mutants which differ from the temperature-sensitive parental Sabin 1 strain by only a few mutations, using selection for temperature resistance: mutant(More)
The important and common oxyurids which affect laboratory rodents- Syphacia spp., Aspiculuris tetraptera and Passalurus ambiguus-are discussed and reviewed. Their life histories, pathogenicity and immunity are examined, and mention is made of the influence of age, sex, strain and host status on infection. The importance of using worm-free animals in(More)
Two cynomolgus macaques were infected with a complex, but characterized, challenge stock of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVmac251 32H). The polymerase chain reaction was applied in a temporal sequence analysis to determine the sequences of the gp120 region of the SIV env gene, which were present in the blood of both macaques at 1, 6, and 15 months(More)
Experimental evidence has accumulated in recent years to suggest that scoliosis can be caused by asymmetrical spinal muscle weakness due to sensorineural loss, though this suggestion has not achieved universal acceptance. The evidence is supported by histopathological observations on cases of clinical idiopathic scoliosis. A study is presented in which(More)
Using in situ hybridization techniques for viral RNA and employing a specific riboprobe, we have detected virus in neural cells of monkeys infected with poliovirus type 1 (PV-1) by the intraspinal route. In monkeys paralysed after inoculation of a neurovirulent revertant of PV-1/Sabin strain, viral RNA was detected in motor neurons and their processes, and(More)
Although a variety of techniques have been used with varying success to induce scoliosis in animals, primates have rarely been used. A series of monkeys is presented where scoliosis developed incidentally during the routine virulence testing of live, attenuated, oral poliomyelitis vaccines by intraspinal injection. The site and extent of histological damage(More)
One of the most troublesome complications in the rehabilitation of hemiplegic patients is inferior subluxation of the glenohumeral joint. The purpose of this study was to determine which of two shoulder supports, the Bobath shoulder roll or the Henderson shoulder ring, would be more effective in the management of hemiplegic patients with a subluxated(More)