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The major findings of the Study to Understand Prognosis and Preferences for Outcomes and Risks of Treatment (SUPPORT), a multimillion dollar, multisite investigation of the process of dying in American hospitals, were extremely disappointing to the medical community. The major conclusion of this intervention study was that increased efforts to improve(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine differences in perceptions of ethical dilemmas and attitudes toward autonomy among four groups of nursing students. A randomly selected sample (n = 130) of students enrolled in associate degree, generic baccalaureate, degree completion, and master's study completed the Judgments About Nursing Decisions (JAND), the(More)
Nurses historically have accepted the risk of contagion while caring for patients with infectious diseases. The duty to care for patients is directly related to the care the patient requires, the nurse's knowledge, and the extraordinary risk to the nurse. The current infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(More)
The purpose of this study was to describe the extent to which nurses perceive the ethical dimensions of clinical practice situations involving patients, families and health care professionals. Using the composite theory of basic moral principles and the professional standard of care established by legal custom as a framework, situations involving ethical(More)
In the United States the protection of the rights of human subjects in experimentation has evolved at three levels: professional, public, and private. At the professional level, codes, guidelines and the Patient's Bill of Rights address the issues of protecting the dignity, privacy and autonomy of individuals who serve as research subjects. At the public(More)
The purpose of this study was to validate the findings of a previous investigation of differences in perceptions of idealistic and realistic moral behavior and attitudes toward autonomy, patients' rights, and traditional role limitations among four groups of nursing students. A sample of 147 associate, generic baccalaureate, degree completion, and master's(More)
The purposes of this study were to identify factors influencing publication efforts of graduate students in nursing and determine the extent to which graduate students' scholarly activities contribute to the creation and dissemination of knowledge in nursing, as evidenced by publication in a professional journal. Authors of articles in Nursing Research were(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which graduate students' research and scholarly activities, as evidenced by publication, contribute to the creation and dissemination of knowledge in nursing. Authors of articles published in IMAGE: Journal of Nursing Scholarship were surveyed to assess their status as graduate students during the(More)