Learn More
Strains of Neisseria meningitidis responsible for an epidemic of meningococcal disease occurring in Norway since the mid-1970s and for recent increases in the incidence of disease in several other parts of Europe have been identified by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis as members of a distinctive group of 22 closely related clones (the ET-5 complex).(More)
Group B Neisseria meningitidis is thus far subdivided into 15 protein serotypes based on antigenically different major outer membrane proteins. Most serotypes have three or four major proteins in their outer membranes. Comparative structural analysis by chymotryptic 125I-peptide mapping was performed on these major proteins from the prototype strains as(More)
The genetic structure of populations of Neisseria meningitidis was examined by an analysis of electrophoretically demonstrable allelic variation at 15 genes encoding enzymes in 650 isolates of eight serogroups (A, B, C, W135, X, Y, Z, and 29E) and 38 nonserogroupable isolates. A total of 331 distinctive multilocus genotypes (electrophoretic types, ETs) was(More)
Meningococcal meningitis is a serious disease with a high incidence in children. Since meningococcal surface structures play a role in invasion of the host and initiation of disease, host defense mechanisms are directed against these meningococcal structures. All virulent meningococci are encapsulated, but other factors are also involved. Only certain(More)
Lipooligosaccharides (LOS) of the eight immunotypes found in serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis were purified from their prototype strains grown in tryptic soy broth. Rabbit antisera to these LOS were prepared. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis followed by silver staining revealed that most of the LOS antigens contained two major(More)
Neisseria meningitidis isolates from contacts, mostly family members, of 27 unrelated meningococcal disease patients were examined by serogrouping, serotyping, and a recently described sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis typing procedure. Most of the isolates were serogroup B or C. Serotyping and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide(More)
There has been a decrease in the prevalence of disease in the United States due to meningococcal serotypes 2a and 2b containing class 2 proteins with a concomitant increase in nonserotypable strains containing class 3 major outer membrane proteins. A new disease associated strain was identified using monoclonal antibodies as B:4:P1.15. Serotype 4 strains(More)
An in vitro assay was used to study the adherence of Neisseria meningitidis to human buccal epithelial cells. Both unencapsulated and encapsulated, piliated isolates obtained from throats of asymptomatic carriers demonstrated significantly higher levels of adherence to buccal cells than encapsulated, piliated isolates obtained from the blood and(More)
Two hundred and thirty-four strains of Neisseria meningitidis, including 94 serotype 2a, 111 serotype 2b, and 19 serotype 2c isolates, together with 10 isolates that were serotyped as 2 with polyvalent antiserum but did not react with monoclonal antibodies, were characterized by the electrophoretic mobilities of 15 metabolic enzymes. Of these enzymes, 14(More)
Neisseria meningitidis group B serotype 2 strain M986 contains two predominant outer membrane proteins, with apparent molecular weights of 41,000 (protein b) and 28,000 (protein e). Heating of outer membrane vesicles at 56 degrees C for 20 min caused much of b** to disaggregate and denature into b (41,000 daltons). In contrast, protein e could be rapidly(More)