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We study the non-equilibrium relaxation of the spherical spin-glass model with p-spin interactions in the N → ∞ limit. We analytically solve the asymptotics of the magnetization and the correlation and response functions for long but finite times. Even in the thermodynamic limit the system exhibits 'weak' (as well as 'true') ergodicity breaking and aging(More)
We show that, in nonequilibrium systems with small heat flows, there is a timescale dependent effective temperature which plays the same role as the thermodynamical temperature, in that it controls the direction of heat flows and acts as a criterion for thermalization. We simultaneously treat the case of stationary systems with weak stirring and of glassy(More)
We introduce a set of theoretical ideas that form the basis for an analytical framework capable of describing nonequilibrium dynamics in glassy systems. We test the resulting scenario by comparing its predictions with numerical simulations of short-range spin glasses. Local fluctuations and responses are shown to be connected by a generalized local(More)
We revisit the Kibble-Zurek mechanism by analyzing the dynamics of phase ordering systems during an infinitely slow annealing across a second-order phase transition. We elucidate the time and cooling rate dependence of the typical growing length, and we use it to predict the number of topological defects left over in the symmetry broken phase as a function(More)
These lecture notes can be read in two ways. The first two Sections contain a review of the phenomenology of several physical systems with slow nonequi-librium dynamics. In the Conclusions we summarize the scenario for this temporal evolution derived from the solution to some solvable models (p spin and the like) that are intimately connected to the mode(More)