L. Elaine Waetjen

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To compare the characteristics of and baseline factors associated with prevalent and incident urinary incontinence in a diverse cohort of midlife women, the authors analyzed the baseline and first five annual follow-up visits of the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), 1995-2001. From responses to annual questionnaires, the authors defined(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the annual direct cost to society of pelvic organ prolapse operations in the United States. METHODS We multiplied the number of pelvic organ prolapse operations identified in the 1997 National Hospital Discharge Survey by national average Medicare reimbursement for physician services and hospitalizations. Although this reimbursement(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the prevalence, regional rates and demographic characteristics, morbidity, and mortality of stress urinary incontinence surgeries in the United States. METHODS We used data from the 1998 National Hospital Discharge Survey and the 1998 National Census to calculate rates of surgeries for stress urinary incontinence by age, race, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the demographic characteristics of and procedures for patients hospitalized for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and tuboovarian abscess in California from 1991 to 2001. METHODS We used the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification, diagnostic and procedural codes in the California Patient(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the effect of hormone therapy on risk of stress and urge urinary incontinence. METHODS The Heart Estrogen/progestin Replacement Study was a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded trial to evaluate daily oral conjugated estrogen (0.625 mg) plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (2.5 mg) therapy for the prevention of heart disease(More)
Early age at the natural final menstrual period (FMP) or menopause has been associated with numerous health outcomes and might be a marker of future ill health. However, potentially modifiable factors affecting age at menopause have not been examined longitudinally in large, diverse populations. The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) followed(More)
OBJECTIVE Most studies suggest that hysterectomies are more common in African American women than in other ethnic groups. To assess this ethnic surgical disparity in a novel way, our main goal was to determine whether admixture (the proportion of sub-Saharan African or European origin in individuals) is associated with hysterectomy frequency in African(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether the menopausal transition is associated with worsening of urinary incontinence symptoms over 6 years in midlife women. METHODS We analyzed data from 2,415 women who reported monthly or more incontinence in self-administered questionnaires at baseline and during the first six annual follow-up visits (1995-2002) of the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal relations between dietary intake of isoflavones and bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN) in black, white, Chinese, and Japanese women during the menopausal transition. METHODS We tested whether tertiles of isoflavone intake were associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to describe the prevalence, regional rates and demographic characteristics, morbidity, and mortality of pelvic organ prolapse surgeries in the United States. STUDY DESIGN We used data from the 1997 National Hospital Discharge Survey and the 1997 National Census to calculate rates of pelvic organ prolapse surgeries by age, race,(More)