L . E . Hedrick

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BACKGROUND The two most common types of uterine endometrial carcinoma, endometrioid (UEC) and serous (USC), differ in their histopathologic appearance and biologic behavior. Recent studies suggest that these differences may be associated with distinct molecular genetic alterations. METHODS In the current study, the authors compared the frequencies of(More)
Uterine serous carcinoma (USC) is an uncommon but aggressive type of endometrial cancer associated with rapid progression of disease and a poor prognosis. Both USC and its recently described putative precursor, endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma (EIC), demonstrate strong p53 overexpression by immunohistochemistry, suggesting alteration of the p53 gene in(More)
We recently identified a novel tumor-suppressor gene, DPC4, at chromosome 18q21.1 and found that both alleles of DPC4 were inactivated in nearly one-half of the pancreatic carcinomas. Here, we analyzed 338 tumors, originating from 12 distinct anatomic sites, for alterations in the DPC4 gene. Sixty-four specimens were selected for the presence of the allelic(More)
Microsatellite instability (MI), detected as electrophoretic shifts in allele sizes of microsatellite DNA sequences, has been identified in some colorectal carcinomas. Investigators have previously attributed such microsatellite instability to replication errors (RER). The colorectal carcinomas with RER have been found to arise either sporadically or in(More)
Infection with certain types of human papillomaviruses (HPV) is highly associated with carcinomas of the human uterine cervix. However, HPV infection alone does not appear to be sufficient for the process of malignant transformation, suggesting the requirement of additional cellular events. After DNA damage, normal mammalian cells exhibit G1 cell-cycle(More)
We have recently demonstrated that mutation of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) receptor type II (RII) gene is characteristic of colon cancers exhibiting microsatellite instability or replication errors (RER+). Moreover, we have shown that RII mutations in these RER+ colon cancers are characteristically frameshift mutations within a 10-bp(More)
Many tumour types have been reported to have deletion of 9p21 (rets 1-6). A candidate target suppressor gene, p16 (p16INK4a/MTS-1/CDKN2), was recently identified within the commonly deleted region in tumour cell lines7,8. An increasing and sometimes conflicting body of data has accumulated regarding the frequency of homozygous deletion and the importance of(More)
The cell cycle regulatory tumor suppressor proteins p53 and pRB are targeted for inactivation by several tumor viruses, including the high-risk types of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) via interactions of the HPV E6 and E7 oncoproteins with p53 and pRB, respectively. p53 plays a central role in a signal transduction pathway that mediates G1 arrest after DNA(More)
The presentation of antigenic peptides by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules to CD4+ T cells is critical to the function of the immune system. In this study, we have utilized the sorting signal of the lysosomal-associated membrane protein LAMP-1 to target a model antigen, human papillomavirus 16 E7 (HPV-16 E7), into the endosomal and(More)
DCC is a candidate tumor-suppressor gene encoding a protein with sequence similarity to cell adhesion molecules such as N-CAM. A set of overlapping YAC clones that contains the entire DCC coding region was isolated. Studies of this YAC contig showed that the DCC gene spans approximately 1.4 Mb. For elucidation of exon-intron structure, lambda phage clones(More)