L. E. Casida

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Several procedures were evaluated for separating and concentrating indigenous microorganisms from soil without the occurrence of growth. Electron microscopy of nontangential, thin sections through these cells revealed that all of the cells examined were less than 0.9 mum in diameter, and up to 72% were "dwarf" cells less than 0.3 mum in diameter. Some were(More)
The dehydrogenase technique for measuring the metabolic activity of microorganisms in soil was modified to use a 6-h, 37 degrees C incubation with either glucose of yeast extract as the electron-donating substrate. The rate of formazan production remained constant during this time interval, and cellular multiplication apparently did not occur. The technique(More)
GELRITE, a new gelling agent with good thermal stability and clarity, was evaluated in media for culturing selected thermophilic microorganisms. It was also evaluated for performing counts of thermophilic bacteria from soil samples. In most cases, GELRITE was shown to be superior to agar for these applications.
A simplified procedure is presented for releasing and concentrating indigenous microbial cells from soil for viewing by transmission electron microscopy as thin sections or replicas of frozen-etched preparations. This procedure is compared with two others reported earlier, and their relative merits are discussed as concerns the choice of procedure for the(More)
Agromyces ramosus occurs in very high numbers in most soils and, based on studies of laboratory isolates, does not require host cells for growth. Nevertheless, it attacked and destroyed most of the gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial species tested as possible host organisms. A. ramosus also attacked and destroyed Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The(More)
Soil was sterilized by various procedures, and then the resident microorganisms were physically separated and concentrated from the soil for viewing by transmission electron microscopy as thin sections and frozen-etched preparation. Remaining cell viability in the soil was tested by conventional plating before and after enrichment culture. The soil proved(More)
Air-dried soils were adjusted to 50% moisture-holding capacity and incubated for 2 weeks at 30 C. Samples were removed at intervals, and their total microbial populations were physically separated and concentrated from the soil debris for sectioning and ultrastructure examination. Although the total numbers of cell sections in these preparations remained(More)
Arthrobacter globiformis and a Pseudomonas soil isolate were incubated separately and in combination in soil that had been presterilized by autoclaving. Growth and other responses of the cells in situ in this soil were monitored by plate counts and transmission electron microscopy examinations of cell sections. During the soil incubations, some of the(More)