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The effect of parasympathetic nerve activation on rabbit submandibular gland (SMG) blood flow and saliva secretion were studied before and after systemic administration of atropine or hexamethonium. The parasympathetic fibers were stimulated electrically (2 and 15 Hz, 10 V, 1 msec) at the plexus around the submandibular salivary duct or at the chorda(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the microflora of the upper small intestine in patients with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using a combination of microbial cultivation and tests for microbial metabolic activity. METHODS Twenty five patients with seropositive RA, 12 achlorhydric control subjects, and 11 control subjects with normal gastric acid secretion(More)
VIP levels were measured by radioimmunoassay in peripheral venous blood of conscious dogs. Bolus injections of the dopamine agonists apomorphine, 0.05 mg/kg, and bromocriptine, 0.2 mg/kg, were found to increase VIP levels from approximately 5 pmol/l to 150 pmol/l. The release responses were abolished by pretreatment with dopamine antagonists (haloperidol(More)
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