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We assessed the long-term efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in 64 refractory epilepsy patients. After implantation, intermittent stimulation was delivered and seizure frequency and severity were counted. Average treatment time was 20 months. Nineteen of 47 patients with partial seizures, five of nine patients with idiopathic generalized seizures,(More)
Since 1985, 225 patients suffering from severe pectoris due to New York Heart Association classes III-IV have been treated with spinal cord stimulation (SCS). All patients have been considered not suitable for open heart surgery by technical reasons. The long-term follow-up has shown a very good positive response to stimulation with pain relief, less intake(More)
AIM To evaluate the results of ventral intermediate (Vim) thalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with tremor predominant Parkinson's disease (PD) at 6 years post surgery. METHODS This was a prolonged follow-up study of 38 patients from eight centres who participated in a multicentre study, the 1 year results of which have been published(More)
Spinal dorsal column stimulation has been used in the treatment of a patient with a painful vasospastic condition in the right arm following surgical sympathectomy on the left side. After sympathectomy the left arm became constantly dry and warm and consistently lacked skin vasomotor (laser Doppler flowmetry) responses to arousing stimuli, indicating a(More)
The degree of pain alleviation achieved by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TNS) during delivery has been evaluated. The usual technique of TNS was modified to suit the requirements of pain relief during delivery. Two pairs of electrodes were taped on the parturient's back at levels TH10--L1 and S2--S4. These segments correspond to the pathway(More)
Spinal cord stimulation in ischemic pain conditions has proved to be an effective method of treatment for many patients. The indications are ischemic pain in the extremities from peripheral vascular disease and angina pectoris. The long-term results show that the response rate for ischemic pain is 70% to 90%, while the corresponding results for neuropathic(More)
Evoked electrical potentials were recorded via intracerebral electrodes in a patient with stump and phantom limb pain who had a previously implanted dorsal column stimulator. When pain was elicited by peripheral stimulation it was found that positive deflections appeared in the ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus at time latencies corresponding to the(More)