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This is the first dedicated review of quantitative studies on Sigmund Freud's proposition that the poorer the psychological health, the more limited are the benefits from treatment. Since observer-rated scales for psychological health-sickness were developed in 1949, many studies have applied them, and the majority show significant prediction of outcomes of(More)
In a group of 25 patients with major depression, the authors investigated the relationships among having a comorbid personality disorder, the severity of psychiatric disorder, and the outcome of dynamic psychotherapy. They found that 1) depressed patients with a comorbid diagnosis of personality disorder had more severe psychiatric disturbance at intake and(More)
The benefits, and variables influencing the benefits, of short-term dynamic psychotherapy for chronic major depression versus nonchronic major depression were examined for 49 patients. The two diagnostic groups started at the same level on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF) and benefited similarly. The bases(More)
From a set of seventeen complete and tape-recorded psychoanalyses, a sample of findings is presented: (a) the level of agreement of two clinical judges on the psychological health of these patients is adequate for the late sessions, but not for the early sessions; (b) the amount of change during psychoanalysis appears to be similar to that in the Menninger(More)
The aims of the study were to see whether the core conflictual relationship theme (CCRT) measure can be reliably applied to dreams and to evaluate the degree to which the main components of the CCRT are present in both dreams and waking narratives in psychotherapy. For 13 psychoanalytic cases, the reliability of the CCRT was found to be good. Dreams and(More)
This report shows (a) that the Core Conflictual Relationship Theme (CCRT) can be rated reliably either from therapy sessions or from a special pretreatment interview in a group of depressed patients, and (b) that the CCRTs obtained before treatment are similar to the CCRTs extracted from the early sessions of brief dynamic psychotherapy. The data suggest(More)
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