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TRAF6 is a signal transducer that activates IkappaB kinase (IKK) and Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) in response to pro-inflammatory mediators such as interleukin-1 (IL-1) and lipopolysaccharides (LPS). IKK activation by TRAF6 requires two intermediary factors, TRAF6-regulated IKK activator 1 (TRIKA1) and TRIKA2 (ref. 5). TRIKA1 is a dimeric(More)
Excessive airway obstruction is the cause of symptoms and abnormal lung function in asthma. As airway smooth muscle (ASM) is the effecter controlling airway calibre, it is suspected that dysfunction of ASM contributes to the pathophysiology of asthma. However, the precise role of ASM in the series of events leading to asthmatic symptoms is not clear. It is(More)
Introducing exogenous genes into cells is one of the most important molecular techniques to study gene functions. Comparing to other type of cells, neurons are more difficult to transfect with cDNAs because they are very sensitive to microenvironmental changes. Among various gene transfer techniques, the Ca(2+)-phosphate transfection method is one of the(More)
The HIV-1 Tat protein is required for viral replication and is a potent stimulator of viral transcription. Although Tat has been extensively studied in various reductive paradigms, to date there is little information as to how this activator mediates transcription from natural nucleosomally packaged long terminal repeats. Here we show that CREB-binding(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the numerical aberrations of sex chromosomes in sperm of workers exposed to benzene series. METHODS The interphase sperm from workers of exposed and control groups were hybridized using two color fluorescence in situ hybridization with X and Y(alpha)-satellite chromosome specific DNA probes, and the aneuploidy frequencies of X and Y(More)
Vaccinia virus RNA polymerase terminates transcription in response to a specific signal UUUUUNU in the nascent RNA. Transduction of this signal to the elongating polymerase requires a trans-acting viral termination factor (VTF/capping enzyme), and is coupled to the hydrolysis of ATP. Recent studies suggest that ATP hydrolysis is catalyzed by a novel(More)
Activation of IkappaB kinase (IKK) is the key step in stimulation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB, which regulates many genes in the inflammatory response pathway. The molecular mechanism that underlies IKK activation in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is still unknown. Using mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 3 (MEKK3)-deficient(More)
Although the functional presence of beta(3)-adrenergic receptors (beta(3)-AR) in rodents is well established, its significance in human adipose tissue has been controversial. One of the issues confounding the experimental data has been the lack of potent and selective human beta(3)-AR ligands analogous to the rodent-specific agonist BRL37344. Recently, we(More)
The beta 3-adrenergic receptor is the predominant subtype of beta-adrenergic receptor expressed in adipose tissue. Recently, a naturally occurring mutation in the human beta 3-receptor gene has been described which results in substitution of the tryptophan residue at position 64 in the first intracellular loop with an arginine residue. The polymorphism,(More)
Mice heterozygous at Aprt (adenine phosphoribosyltransferase) were used as a model to study in vivo loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in normal fibroblasts. Somatic cell variants that exhibited functional loss of the wild-type Aprt in vivo were recovered as APRT-deficient cell colonies after culturing in selection medium containing 2, 6-diaminopurine (DAP), an(More)