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BACKGROUND Bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) stimulation is recognised as a treatment for parkinsonian patients with severe levodopa related motor complications. Although adverse effects are infrequent, some behavioural disturbances have been reported. OBJECTIVE To investigate the consequences of STN stimulation on emotional information processing in(More)
BACKGROUND Apathy is usually defined as reduced interest and participation in various activities. It is a frequent consequence of neurological and psychiatric disorders. Although various scoring methods have been proposed, there is a lack of validated, standardised instruments for detecting apathy and assessing its severity. OBJECTIVE To develop an apathy(More)
Genomic triplication of the alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA) has been reported to cause hereditary early-onset parkinsonism with dementia. These findings prompted us to screen for multiplication of the SNCA locus in nine families in whom parkinsonism segregates as an autosomal dominant trait. One kindred was identified with SNCA duplication by semiquantitative(More)
After the completion of a voluntary movement, a synchronization of cortical beta rhythms is recorded over the contralateral central region, which is assumed to reflect the termination of the motor command. In order to test this hypothesis, we compared in eight healthy subjects the synchronization of EEG beta rhythms following active and passive index(More)
BACKGROUND Camptocormia, characterised by extreme forward flexion of the thoracolumbar spine and severe stooping in the supine position, seems to be prevalent in Parkinson's disease. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to identify features of parkinsonian camptocormia and to describe the main clinical characteristics of patients with Parkinson's disease(More)
BACKGROUND High frequency stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is an alternative but expensive neurosurgical treatment for parkinsonian patients with levodopa induced motor complications. OBJECTIVE To assess the safety, clinical effects, quality of life, and economic cost of STN stimulation. METHODS We conducted a prospective multicentre study(More)
OBJECTIVE Abnormal low- and high-frequency oscillatory activities have been linked to abnormal movement control in Parkinson's disease. We aimed to study how low- and high-frequency oscillatory activities are modulated by movement in the contralateral and ipsilateral subcorticocortical loops. METHODS We studied mu, beta and gamma rhythm event-related(More)
OBJECTIVE Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) are the most frequent neurodegenerative cognitive disorders. However, FTD remains poorly recognised clinically. The use of (99m)HmPAO-single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has been demonstrated in the differentiation of AD and FTD. Nethertheless, there are very few comparative(More)
The objective of this study was to use the Lille Apathy Rating Scale to assess apathy in a large population of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and identify several different apathy profiles. One hundred fifty-nine patients with probable PD and 58 healthy controls participated in the study. Apathy was assessed using the Lille Apathy Rating Scale. Motor,(More)
INTRODUCTION The basal ganglia have numerous connections not only with the motor cortex but also with the prefrontal and limbic cortical areas. Therefore, basal ganglia lesions can disturb motor function but also cognitive function and emotion processing. The aim of the present study was to assess the consequences of Parkinson's disease (PD) on ability to(More)