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Studies of functional brain imaging in humans and single cell recordings in monkeys have generally shown preferential involvement of the medially located supplementary motor area (SMA) in self-initiated movement and the lateral premotor cortex in externally cued movement. Studies of event-related cortical potentials recorded during movement preparation,(More)
Differentiation between Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative disorders with parkinsonian features, such as multiple system atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and corticobasal degeneration (CBD), is difficult on clinical grounds. We studied the pattern of dopaminergic degeneration in 18 patients with probable MSA, 8 patients(More)
Movement-related magnetic fields (MRMFs) accompanying left and right unilateral and bilateral finger flexions were studied in 6 right-handed subjects. Six different MRMF components occurring prior to, and during both unilateral and bilateral movements are described: a slow pre-movement readiness field (RF, 1-0.5 sec prior to movement onset); a motor field(More)
Recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI) replication studies show a high variability of active voxels within subjects and across runs - a potentially harmful situation for clinical applications. We tried to reduce these uncertainties inherent in current presurgical FMRI. For this, a new high quality head fixation device was used to detect(More)
The Bereitschaftspotential (BP) was recorded at 56 scalp positions when 17 healthy subjects performed brisk extensions of the right index finger. Aim of the study was to contribute to our understanding of the physiology underlying the BP and, in particular, to specify the situation at BP onset. For this purpose, the spatial pattern of the BP was analyzed in(More)
OBJECTIVES Since the characteristics of the Bereitschaftspotential (BP) - voluntary movement paradigm of internally-driven movements - have been established recently by our group using high resolution DC-EEG techniques, it was of great interest to apply similar techniques to the other slow brain potential--contingent negative variation (CNV) of(More)
UNLABELLED Movement-related potentials (MRPs, including Bereitschaftspotential, BP) were recorded using a 64 channel DC-EEG amplifier ("High Resolution DC-EEG", Nunez et al. 1994) in 18 subjects (Ss) to explore functions of the supplementary, the cingulate, and the primary motor area (SMA, CMA and MI). Spatial and temporal resolutions on single trials,(More)