L David Pengelly

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A body plethysmograph adapted to contain the pedals of an electrically braked cycle ergometer was used to measure pulmonary mechanics during steady-state exercise in 12 normal male subjects aged 22-65 yr. During exercise there was a progressive increase in residual volume to 119% of the value at rest (P less than 0.01), but functional residual capacity and(More)
Comparison of published reports on physiological effects of exposure to ozone (O3) suggests that Canadians are more reactive than southern Californians. Responses of subjects and experimental methods were compared in a cooperative investigation of this apparent difference in reactivity. Four Canadians and four Californians were exposed to 0.37 ppm O3 in(More)
The objective of this paper was to reassess children's exposure to air pollution as well as investigate the importance of other covariates of respiratory health. We re-examined the Hamilton Children's Cohort (HCC) dataset with enhanced spatial analysis methods, refined in the approximately two decades since the original study was undertaken. Children's(More)
We have assessed the validity of the method of Siafakas et al. (J. Appl. Physiol.: Respirat. Environ. Exercise Physiol. 51: 109-121, 1981) for determining active elastance (E'rs) and flow resistance (R'rs) of the respiratory system. In six cats anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium we have measured flow, volume, and tracheal occlusion pressure during(More)
BACKGROUND Periods of unusually hot weather, especially in temperate climates, carry with them a burden of morbidity and mortality, particularly in urban areas. With lessening debate on its origins, and signs of global warming already apparent, it is becoming imperative for public health practitioners to recognize and predict the risks of "heat waves", and(More)
Epidemiological information about the health consequences of ambient air pollution is adequate at present to set upper limits so that acute deterioration due to pollution can be prevented in patients with chronic lung disease. However, our knowledge is incomplete with respect to what is a safe chronic background level, particularly with regard to reducing(More)
A study was carried out to assess the respiratory function of children living in homes insulated with urea formaldehyde foam insulation (UFFI). A large data base on the effect of environmental variables on the respiratory function of 3500 children in the Hamilton, Ont., area had been collected from 1978 to 1980. From this data base 29 children who lived in(More)