Learn More
CONTEXT Given the similarities between Alzheimer disease and dementia pugilistica, we evaluated the relationship between apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype and chronic traumatic brain injury (CTBI) in boxers to determine whether there is a genetic susceptibility to the effects of head trauma. OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between CTBI and APOE(More)
Low-grade or minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is characterised by relatively mild neurocognitive impairments, and occurs in a substantial percentage of patients with liver disease. The presence of MHE is associated with a significant compromise of quality of life, is predictive of the onset of overt hepatic encephalopathy and is associated with a poorer(More)
Context. Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are frequently used for their beneficial mood effects.Objective. We sought to determine if there was a quantifiable effect on mood of the vagus nerve stimulator (VNS) when used as an antiseizure treatment.Design. Mood was assessed before and 3 months after VNS implantation in adult epilepsy patients. A group of adult(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Professional boxing is associated with chronic, repetitive head blows that may cause brain injuries. Diffusion-weighted imaging is sensitive to microscopic changes and may be a useful tool to quantify the microstructural integrity of the brain. In this study, we sought to quantify microscopic alterations associated with chronic(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the association between serum NR2a antibodies and cognitive dysfunction in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS The study population consisted of English-speaking adults who met American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for SLE and had at least 1 serum sample stored in the Hospital for Special Surgery Autoimmune Registry(More)
Few studies have examined the clinical features of neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy (NTLE) in carefully selected patients. We reviewed records from 21 patients with NTLE, defined by intracranial electroencephalogram (EEG), who have been seizure free for 1 year or more following temporal lobectomy. The mean age of onset at the time of first seizure was 14(More)
Purpose: Alzheimer’s disease, for which one form of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype is a risk factor, provides a paradigm in which to examine response to susceptibility testing for common, complex diseases. This study’s main purposes were to estimate interest in such testing and to examine demographic predictors of study participation.Methods: In this(More)
Boxing has held appeal for many athletes and audiences for centuries, and injuries have been part of boxing since its inception. Although permanent and irreversible neurologic dysfunction does not occur in the majority of participants, an association has been reported between the number of bouts fought and the development of neurologic, psychiatric, or(More)
BACKGROUND Improvement in gait after shunt placement has been well documented in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH); however, controversy remains regarding the extent and pattern of postsurgical cognitive changes. Conflicting findings may be explained by variability in both test selection and follow-up intervals across studies. Furthermore,(More)
BACKGROUND To objectively measure memory functioning in patients with Lyme borreliosis and examine the relationship between subjective reports of memory dysfunction and actual impairment. METHOD A prospective pretreatment study of patients with Lyme borreliosis (N = 21), a patient control group (osteomyelitis, N = 21), and healthy controls (N = 21) was(More)