L D Juby

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A lactulose/mannitol (La/Ma) test was compared with a standard cellobiose/mannitol test (Ce/Ma) in 17 patients with newly diagnosed celiac disease and 12 healthy controls. The mean La/Ma test was 0.163 (SEM 0.076) in celiacs and 0.016 (SEM 0.002) in controls. The mean Ce/Ma test was 0.132 (SEM 0.024) in celiacs and 0.014 (SEM 0.002) in controls (p less than(More)
The cellobiose and mannitol differential sugar test is a non-invasive investigation of small bowel permeability, in which urinary recoveries of cellobiose and mannitol after a hyperosmolar oral load are expressed as a ratio to give a permeability index. Changes in the cellobiose:mannitol ratio often occur in coeliac disease, but some patients with abnormal(More)
The cellobiose/mannitol (Ce/Ma) test is a non-invasive technique for investigating intestinal permeability. In coeliac disease there is a decreased absorption of small molecules and paradoxically increased absorption of large molecules. The simultaneous administration of cellobiose and mannitol as two probe molecules allows the permeability of the small(More)
AIMS To assess the relation of plasma viscosity to disease activity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS Crohn's disease (n = 60) and ulcerative colitis (n = 71) were diagnosed on the basis of typical histological or radiological features. Active Crohn's disease was defined as a Crohn's disease activity index of 150 or over. Active(More)
Pruritus in cholestatic liver disease can be difficult to treat. It may be related to impaired excretion of large opioid peptides. Buprenorphine, a drug with partial opiate antagonist properties, was used in a double-blind trial of five patients with uncontrollable itching. One patient improved clinically, one patient had good relief from pruritus and three(More)
The definitive treatment of a pancreatic tumour secreting vasoactive intestinal polypeptide is surgical removal of the tumour, but when curative resection is not possible symptomatic treatment of the endocrine hyperfunction is important. Streptozotocin, although effective for palliation, can involve unpleasant side effects. We report the long term use of(More)
Concentrations of the soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) in the serum of 33 patients with coeliac disease were measured by ELISA. The levels of sIL-2R were significantly raised in 15 patients with untreated coeliac disease compared with treated patients and age- and sex-matched symptomatic and non-symptomatic control groups. Longitudinal studies in(More)
Low-dose oral cyclosporine was used to maintain remission in patients with Crohn's disease. In seven patients, cyclosporine was used as a steroid-sparing agent; in 14 it was given for refractory active disease as an adjunct to conventional treatment, and then continued as maintenance treatment. Cyclosporine was given at an initial dose of 5 mg/kg reduced by(More)
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