A new method of filtering MR images is presented that uses wavelet transforms instead of Fourier transforms. The new filtering method does not reduce the sharpness of edges. However, the new method does eliminate any small structures that are similar in size to the noise eliminated. There are many possible extensions of the filter.
It is believed that surgical excision of arteriovenous malformations is the best treatment when technically feasible without causing significant damage to adjacent brain. The introduction of polymers or particulate emboli by catheter has been used either alone or as an adjunct in attempts to reduce the size of these lesions prior to surgery; however, it is… (More)
Although three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography was developed as a screening tool for use in patients with suspected cerebrovascular disease, this imaging modality has also proven to be of value in surgical planning for patients with large or unusual vascular lesions of the brain. The three-dimensional images generated by this technique yield… (More)
Computer-generated three-dimensional reconstruction of the intracranial vascular system obtained by contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CT) has been used in the diagnosis of 20 patients with known or suspected intracranial cerebrovascular disease. This technique allows visualization of the intracranial vasculature without exposing patients to the… (More)
We report a new treatment for carotid-cavernous fistula. Using a flow-guided, balloon-tipped microcatheter, we catheterize the fistula itself, verify balloon entry into the fistula with fluoroscopy and x-ray films, and then infuse the tissue adhesive isobutyl-2-cyanoacrylate with careful fluoroscopic control. Three patients have had their fistulas occluded,… (More)
Many MR artifacts are not understandable in terms of previous imaging experience. A variety of artifacts is presented here; their origins and elimination are discussed.
Computerized tomography (CT) has made it easier to distinguish tumoral from nontumoral diseases of the central nervous system. In the presence of mass effect, however, this distinction may be difficult or impossible to make. Primary demyelinating disease may occasionally present as a focal cerebral mass. The authors report three cases of primary… (More)