L D Apelgren

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A human adenocarcinoma-associated antigen (KSA) defined by the monoclonal antibody KS1/4 has become the focus of several site-directed strategies for tumor therapy. KSA, a 40,000 Da cell surface glycoprotein antigen, is found at a high density in all adenocarcinomas examined to date and in corresponding normal epithelial tissues. Here we describe the(More)
The tissue and tumor distribution of the antigen recognized by monoclonal antibody KS1/4 was determined by a combination of immunoperoxidase techniques, flow cytometric analyses and solid phase enzyme-linked immunoassays. These data document that the KS1/4 antigen is expressed in many epithelial malignancies and normal epithelial surfaces suggesting that(More)
The effects of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibition on the serum lipoprotein profile in both normocholesterolemic and hypercholesterolemic hamsters has been determined following subcutaneous injection of 12.5 mg/kg of the CETP neutralizing monoclonal antibody, TP2. Inhibition of CETP activity was greater than 60% and resulted in a 30-40%(More)
A conjugate of 4-desacetylvinblastine-3-carboxyhydrazide (DAVLBHY) and the glioma-reactive monoclonal antibody (mAb) 9.2.27 induced long-term suppression of tumor growth in athymic nude mice engrafted with U87MG human glioma cells. In vitro, DAVLBHY had the strongest antiproliferative activity (inhibitory concentration at which incorporation of(More)
The monoclonal antibody-vinca alkaloid conjugate, KS1/4-DAVLB (LY256787), and free 4-desacetylvinblastine (DAVLB) were administered i.v. to male athymic nude mice bearing P3/UCLA human lung adenocarcinoma tumors. Although the plasma pharmacokinetics were similar between LY256787 and DAVLB (terminal plasma half-lives of 62 and 83 hr, respectively),(More)
The MRL lpr/lpr mouse strain is an animal model for the autoimmune disorder systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Pathologic changes in the mice include a severe proliferative glomerulonephritis, lymph node and spleen enlargement, increase in autoantibody titers, and shortened life spans. In the present investigation, female MRL lpr/lpr mice have been dosed(More)
The activity of the conjugate of monoclonal antibody KS1/4 with 4-desacetylvinblastine-3-carboxhydrazide (KS1/4-DAVLB-HY) was explored in the OVCAR-3 human ovarian xenograft tumor model. Multiple schedules of KS1/4-DAVLB-HY administration were employed, including a comparison of i.p. and i.v. routes of treatment. When inoculates of 6 x 10(7) OVCAR-3 cells(More)
Preclinical efficacy studies are presented in a human ovarian carcinoma model utilizing several novel conjugation strategies with the KS1/4 monoclonal antibody and derivatives of the vinca alkaloid desacetylvinblastine hydrazide. The chemoimmunoconjugates KS1/4-beta-alanine-methylenemalonic acid ethyl ester-4-decacetylvinblastine 23-hydrazide(More)
A polyclonal antisera specific for human platelet thrombospondin (TSP) has been utilized to study the biosynthesis and secretion of TSP in the M21 human melanoma cell line. Pulse-chase indirect immunoprecipitation analysis reveal that human melanoma cells rapidly synthesize and secrete this platelet alpha-granule associated glycoprotein. Topographical(More)
Viridin B, a bacteriocin produced by Streptococcus mitis, copurified with the alpha-hemolysin after ammonium sulfate precipitation and gel filtration on Sephadex G-200. The bacteriocin and hemolysin were separated in some instances by ion-exchange chromatography on diethylaminoethyl-Sephadex A-50, but the two substances were shown to be distinct after(More)