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A prospective, case-control study was carried out on 25 patients with myotonic dystrophy (MyD) and 25 healthy subjects using brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The frequency and severity of white matter hyperintense lesions (WMHL) and brain atrophy in MyD patients were compared with their clinical features and cognitive impairment using an extensive… (More)
To see the signal changes in MR angiography (MRA) when occlusions or severe stenoses of carotid arteries occur and to relate these data with the velocity values provided by transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD), 20 patients showing symptomatic or asymptomatic unilateral carotid obstructions underwent both MRA and TCD after digital angiography investigation.… (More)
CT and MRI play complementary roles in the study of malformation syndromes in pediatric age: CT in particular is indispensable for adequately assessing the skeletal picture in subjects suffering from cranio-facial malformations, while MRI allows a morphological study and supplies informations on the maturation state of the white matter.
We report the clinical features and laboratory-instrumental findings in two patients with acute monophasic demyelinating disease with focal clinical expression: one case of incomplete cervical transverse myelitis and one of focal supratentorial encephalitis. We describe the clinical course and evolution of the neuroradiological findings (CT and MRI) and… (More)
The present paper reports the case of a young woman who experienced an ischemic stroke due to the spontaneous dissection and occlusion of both internal carotid arteries, with recanalisation one year after the event. It is underlined that this form is not clinically different from the unilateral form, and that it is often associated with a favourable… (More)
We report on a female infant who presents a pattern of malformations including dysmorphic facies, Dandy-Walker anomaly, hypoplasia of the upper lobe of the right lung, associated with diaphragmatic elevation and slight digital anomalies. This whole clinical picture allows us to formulate the diagnosis of Fryns syndrome; this is one of the very few not… (More)
Under the term of olivopontocerebellar atrophy different nosological pictures are grouped, all characterized by showing clinical signs of deficiency of the structures of the pons and of the cerebellum. The diagnosis of olivopontocerebellar atrophy has been made, until now, by clinical criteria while typical anatomopathological changes are found at the… (More)