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Voltage-dependent calcium channels are located in the plasma membrane and form a highly selective conduit by which Ca2+ ions enter all excitable cells and some nonexcitable cells. Extensive characterization studies have revealed the existence of one low (T) and five high-voltage-activated calcium channel types (L, N, P, Q, and R). The high voltage-activated(More)
The only known example of chiral autocatalysis is the alkylation of N-heterocyclic aldehydes with iPr(2)Zn (Soai reaction). The mechanism and some details of this reaction are not yet clear. An empirical formula is proposed here for the description of this chiral autocatalytic reaction. This formula allows the calculation of some very informative parameters.
The purpose of this work is to apply the global molecular interaction evaluation ("Glob-MolInE") computational protocol to the study of two molecular complexes characterized by a chiral selector and a couple of enantiomeric selectands experimentally known to give large difference in the free energy of complexation much higher than the experimental error(More)
A kinetic model of spontaneous amplification of enantiomeric excess in the autocatalytic addition of diisopropylzinc to prochiral pyrimidine carbaldehydes is extended by a negative feedback process. Simulations based on the extended model result in large-amplitude oscillations both in a continuous-flow stirred tank reactor (CSTR) and in a semibatch(More)
Enantiomeric excesses obtained in absolute enantioselective synthesis by chiral autocatalysis (Soai-reaction) were statistically analyzed. Two sets of parallel experiments, which were performed under chemically different conditions, are available. One group contains 37, while the other contains 84 preparative results. The former group shows some interesting(More)
Natural-abundance isotopic substitution in isotopically prochiral groups of otherwise achiral molecules can provide stochastically formed enantiomeric excesses which exceed the sensitivity threshold of sensitive asymmetric autocatalytic (Soai-type) reactions. This kind of induction of chirality should be taken into consideration in in vitro model(More)
Chiral conformations of flexible molecules may develop in a concerted manner if the molecule is crowded enough to assure sufficient level of through-the-space contacts. Higher number (> 4) of groups connected to the same atom, as in many coordination compounds, can be advantageous in this respect. The case study of R,S-[(sec-butoxycarbonyl)methyl]cobalt(More)
Origin(s) of biological chirality appear(s) to be intimately connected to origin(s) of life. Prebiotic evolution toward these important turning points can be traced back to single chiral molecules. These can be small (monomeric) units as amino acids or monosaccharides or oligomers as oligo-RNA type molecules. Earlier speculations about these two kinds of(More)
The emerging discipline of astrobiology could gain valuable support from research dealing with the problems of biological chirality. The most profitable fields of common interest are: (a) living organisms under extraterrestrial conditions, (b) extraterrestrial signatures of life and (c) origin(s) of biological chirality. These areas of complementary and(More)
Solutions of very low concentrations cannot be treated by the usual concept of concentration. Stochastic calculations are performed for the analysis of such solutions containing one or a few molecule(s). It is concluded that these systems escape the usual concentration parameters. Two "case histories" are also shown for demonstration of the practical(More)