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In order to develop a reproducible, quantifiable means of assessment of the clinical status of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a composite clinical-radiographic-physiologic (CRP) scoring system was devised, using 7 variables: dyspnea, chest radiograph, spirometry, lung volume, diffusion capacity, resting alveolar-arterial PO2, and(More)
Analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage cellular constituents has been recommended as a valuable method for the characterization of the inflammatory cellular population and for studying cellular interactions in the lower respiratory tract of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, the clinical relevance of the enumeration of cells in(More)
Bronchoalveolar lavage has been used to sample cells and proteins in the distal lung. One of the major secretory products of the alveolar type II epithelial cells, pulmonary surfactant, can be recovered by lavage. Abnormalities in alveolar type II cells are found in biopsies of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and abnormalities of(More)
PURPOSE It is likely that the relationship between lung volume changes and gas exchange in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and patients with sarcoidosis is different since the two conditions vary widely in histopathology and prognosis. Few studies, however, have examined this relationship. The goal of this investigation was to measure(More)
Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) are often cigarette smokers and are often being treated with corticosteroids at the time of bronchoalveolar lavage. We addressed the question of whether or not the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) neutrophil content of patients with IPF undergoes changes in smokers different from those in nonsmokers after(More)
Controversy exists as to the appropriate methods to use in the processing of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid for total cell numbers and cellular differential analysis. It has been shown that cell losses (primarily lymphocytes) occur by the most commonly employed methods. Therefore, we examined the total cell and differential counts obtained by several(More)
Interstitial lung disease is characterized by interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrosis, a reduction in lung volumes, an increase in lung elastic recoil, and rapid shallow respirations. However, the alterations in lung volumes and elastic recoil as well as in breathing pattern are extremely variable, and the values are normal in a number of(More)
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