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Both sexes of F344 rats were gavaged with maximal tolerated doses of mercuric chloride for periods from 2 wk to up to 2 yr to investigate chronic nephrotoxicity and potential carcinogenicity. The toxicity of mercuric chloride was excessive after 2 wk of exposure to doses ranging from 1.25 to 20 mg/kg, compromising renal function by selectively destroying(More)
There are three major epithelial types in the nasal mucosa, in addition to numerous accessory structures, some of which are species specific. Without careful and consistent processing of the nose tissue, histopathologic assessment of lesions in the nasal cavity may be compromised. While formalin fixation may be used for routine review of the nasal cavity,(More)
Rodents are commonly used for inhalation toxicology studies, but until recently the nasal passages have often been overlooked or only superficially examined. The rodent nose is a complex organ in which toxicant-induced lesions may vary, depending on the test compound. A working knowledge of rodent nasal anatomy and histology is essential for the proper(More)
Perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) is a 10-carbon straight-chain fatty acid. Its toxicity in rats has been reported to resemble that produced by exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Mice which are "responsive" to TCDD toxicity carry the Ahb allele, while mice homozygous for the Ahd gene are less sensitive to TCDD toxicity. To characterize the(More)
The accidental release of methyl isocyanate (MIC) in Bhopal, India, was reportedly responsible for the deaths of more than 2,000 people. To study the pathology of acute inhalation exposure to MIC, the tissues of male and female Fischer 344 rats were evaluated immediately after a single 2-hr exposure to 0, 3, 10, or 30 ppm MIC, and through day 91. Early(More)
Male and female mice were exposed by inhalation to 0, 3, 10, and 30 ppm methyl isocyanate for 2 hr followed by a 91-day recovery period. Sixteen of 80 (20%) male mice in the 30-ppm group died following exposure with seven deaths occurring in the first 24 hr. Two female mice died, one each in the 30- and 10-ppm concentration groups. Five mice/sex/group were(More)
B6C3F1 mice were exposed by inhalation to 0, 3, 10, and 30 ppm methyl isocyanate for 2 hr followed by a 90-day recovery period. Sixteen of eighty (20%) male mice in the 30 ppm group died following exposure. There were no other unscheduled deaths in the mice. Five mice/sex/group were examined at 2 hr or at 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 49, or 91 days following exposure.(More)
Male rats and male mice received a single 2-hr exposure to 0 (control), 10, or 30 ppm of methyl isocyanate and were sacrificed after 1, 3, 14, or 90 days to assess the ultrastructural changes in the nasal mucosa by transmission electron microscopy. One day after exposure to methyl isocyanate, there were widespread areas of necrosis and degeneration of the(More)
Polychlorinated dibenzofurans are ubiquitous environmental pollutants which have great potential for human exposure. To characterize the toxicity of 2,3,4,7,8-pentachlorodibenzofuran (4PeCDF), male F344 rats were administered a single oral dose of 0, 100, 250, 500, 1000, or 2000 micrograms 4PeCDF/kg. A progressive and dose-dependent loss of body weight was(More)