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Agonist-induced suppression of current in voltage-gated Ca2+ channels was studied in rat sympathetic neurons. We have previously distinguished two intracellular signaling pathways used by muscarinic agonists to suppress neuronal Ca2+ current-one fast and membrane delimited, the other slow and acting via a diffusible second messenger. We now show that the(More)
Muscarinic and alpha-adrenergic suppression of current through Ca2+ channels was studied in adult rat superior cervical ganglion neurons using whole-cell and cell-attached configurations of the patch-clamp technique. Oxotremorine methiodide suppressed ICa by both a rapid (much less than 1 s) and a slow (greater than 4 s) process, whereas norepinephrine(More)
Muscarinic receptors mediating suppression of Ca2+ current and of M-type K+ current in rat superior cervical ganglion neurons were subclassified pharmacologically by using the muscarinic receptor antagonists pirenzepine and himbacine. Our voltage clamp experiments previously distinguished fast and slow intracellular signaling pathways coupling muscarinic(More)
Modulation of N- and L-type Ca2+ channels by oxotremorine-M (oxo-M) acting on muscarinic receptors and norepinephrine (NE) acting on alpha-adrenergic receptors was studied in superior cervical ganglion neurons. Oxo-M depresses dihydropyridine-augmented tail currents in whole-cell recordings, whereas NE does not. This modulation of L-type Ca2+ channels by(More)
The role of intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in the muscarinic suppression of Ca2+ current and M-type K+ current has been investigated in isolated rat sympathetic neurons using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique and fura-2 fluorescence measurements. Muscarinic stimulation suppressed currents without raising [Ca2+]i. Nonetheless, intracellular(More)
The contributions made by low- (LVA) and high-voltage-activated (HVA) calcium currents to afterhyperpolarizations (AHPs) of nucleus basalis (NB) cholinergic neurons were investigated in dissociated cells. Neurons with somata >25 microM were studied because 80% of them stained positively for choline acetyltransferase and had electrophysiological(More)
Voltage-dependent inhibition of high voltage-activated (HVA) calcium currents by G-proteins can be transiently relieved (facilitated) by strong depolarizing prepulses. However, with respect to the physiological significance of facilitation, it remains to be established if it can be induced by action potentials (AP) in central neurons. With the use of(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the voltage-dependent inhibition of calcium currents by serotonin 5-HT1A agonists can be alleviated (facilitated) by action potential-like depolarizations. In dissociated cholinergic basal forebrain neurons using whole-cell recordings, it is shown that a selective serotonin 5-HT1A agonist (8-OH-DPAT)(More)