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A prospective study of serum cytokine levels was performed in patients randomly assigned to undergo either laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) or open cholecystectomy (OC). The kinetics of serum interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and cortisol were studied in both groups of(More)
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