L. B. Piotrovsky

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The effect of the non-selective antagonist of excitatory amino acid receptors kynurenic acid (50, 100 and 150 mg/kg, i.p.) on morphine-derived reward was studied in rats. Kynurenic acid dose dependently blocked the acquisition of morphine conditioned place preference when injected before conditioning. The expression of the previously established conditioned(More)
Ionic currents elicited by N-phthalamoyl-L-glutamic acid (PhGA) were investigated on freshly isolated hippocampal neurons with the whole-cell voltage clamp and concentration clamp techniques. PhGA elicited desensitizing inward currents in Mg(2+)-free salines only in the presence of glycine. The dose-response relationship for PhGA was close to a Langmuir(More)
A group of imidazole derivatives was tested for their agonistic and antagonistic activity with respect to NMDA receptors in pyramidal neurons of the rat hippocampus. The data from the experiments using intracerebroventricular injections of the tested agents were compared with those carried out on isolated cells using a patch-clamp technique in the(More)
The effects of three dipeptide analogues of N-acetylaspartylglutamate on seizures elicited by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of L-glutamate (GLU), N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), kainate (KA) and intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of pentylentetrazol (PTZ) were studied in mice. N-Ac-L-Phe-L-Glu was active against myoclonic seizures induced by GLU and(More)
Three amino-alkylated derivatives of the naturally occurring excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptor agonist ibotenic acid (Ibo) have been synthesized and tested pharmacologically. N-Methyl-Ibo (1a) and N-ethyl-Ibo (1b) were shown to be agonists at NMDA receptors (EC50 = 140 and 320 microM, respectively), though with activities considerably lower than Ibo(More)
The pharmacokinetics of ethimizol, a nootropic drug, were studied in rats and mice using [2-14C]-4,5-di(methylcarbamoyl)-1-ethyl-imidazole. Autoradiography in mice injected iv showed a rapid and homogeneous distribution of the label into the tissues, brain included, and its excretion by the urinary pathway. The determination of ethimizol in plasma, organs,(More)
The effects of some dipeptides, analogues of N-acetyl-alpha-L-aspartyl-L-glutamate, were studied after i.c.v. administration into mice in acute experiments. N-Acetyl-alpha-L-aspartyl-L-glutamate itself did not induce seizures in animals, but prevented glutamate-induced convulsions. All other dipeptides possessed excitatory glutamate-like actions. Some(More)
Studies of the effects of analogs of N-phthalmoyl-L-glutamic acid (PhGA, experiments on freshly isolated hippocampal neurons of rats and on mice using intracerebroventricular injection) were compared with the molecular modeling studies. Transmembrane currents evoked by applications of NMDA receptor agonists were recorded using a patch-clamp technique.(More)
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