L A Staudt

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The recent increase in popularity of selective posterior rhizotomy demands objective documentation of surgical outcome. For this reason, the authors have analyzed the status of 25 children with spastic cerebral palsy before and after rhizotomy to determine the effects of this therapy on muscle tone, range of movement, and motor function. Postoperative tests(More)
Over the past decade, selective posterior rhizotomy has been used successfully to reduce spasticity in patients with cerebral palsy. Although clinical evaluation of these patients revealed functional improvement following surgery, more objective analysis of the outcome of this surgery was sought. Kinematic gait analysis of 14 patients with spastic cerebral(More)
We evaluated intraoperative electromyographic (EMG) results among 110 pediatric patients with spastic cerebral palsy who underwent selective posterior rhizotomy. We analyzed surgical outcomes for 60 of these patients who returned for follow-up assessment between 4 and 17 months postoperatively. Reduction in muscle tone (resistance to passive movement),(More)
In brief: The guidelines that have been published to prevent runners from collapsing with heat injury have been based on laboratory studies with different conditions from those experienced in actual road races. A new portable heat stress monitor was used to test whether high levels of solar radiation raised rectal temperature more than no-sun conditions.(More)
A review of the selective posterior rhizotomy procedure for reduction of spasticity in cerebral palsy is presented. The history of the procedure, selection of patients, operative technique, and results are described. The neurophysiologic basis for spasticity is considered, as well as the role of spasticity in the complex motor disorder of cerebral palsy.(More)
The spastic type of cerebral palsy has become more prevalent due to improved survival rates of premature infants. Selective posterior rhizotomy is a neurosurgical procedure which is designed to reduce spasticity and has been successfully used for children with spastic cerebral palsy. Although the procedure of posterior rhizotomy is nearly 100 years old, a(More)
Medical histories for 105 consecutive children who underwent selective posterior rhizotomy (SPR) were reviewed to determine the incidence and clinical significance of adverse events related to anaesthesia and surgery. No intraoperative or postoperative events with potential for lasting morbidity, nor life threatening events, were identified.(More)
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