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Mutations in the gene encoding the amyloid protein precursor (APP) cause autosomal dominant Alzheimer's disease. Cleavage of APP by unidentified proteases, referred to as beta- and gamma-secretases, generates the amyloid beta-peptide, the main component of the amyloid plaques found in Alzheimer's disease patients. The disease-causing mutations flank the(More)
To aid in the development of three-dimensional models of membrane-bound proteins, a consensus procedure for predicting alpha-helical transmembrane segments from amino acid sequence is presented. The algorithm combines the results of six individual prediction methods and some basic properties of membrane-spanning helices to obtain a final consensus(More)
Based on the heavy-atom coordinates determined by the electron microscopy for the seven main helical regions of bacteriorhodopsin with the all-trans retinal isomer, energy optimizations were carried out for helix bundles containing the all-trans retinal and 13-cis retinal chromophores, respectively. A combination of simulated annealing and energy(More)
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