L A Galinet

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Vinylidenebisphosphonic acid tetraethyl ester (1) and diazo ketones 7a-1 in ether at 22 degrees C yield pyrazoline bisphosphonate tetraethyl esters 8a-1 in moderate to good yield. These compounds were evaluated in animal models of arthritis: rat adjuvant-induced polyarthritis (AIP) and murine antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) and a murine model of chronic(More)
A study of the decomposition of the pyrazoline bisphosphonate ester 2 identified 3 as the sole bisphosphonate component. Evaluation in a delayed-type hypersensitivity granuloma model of chronic inflammation in mice (DTH-GRA) showed 3 to be a potent inhibitor of granuloma formation (sc, 10 mg/kg, 45%), but in a murine model of antigen-induced arthritis(More)
We examined the effect of interleukin-1 (IL-1) administration on a mild and transient inflammatory response in the knees of mice injected intraarticularly with methylated bovine serum albumin (mBSA). Injection of mBSA on day 0 into nonsensitized mice caused a weak inflammatory response confined to the infrapatellar fat pads and involved infiltration by(More)
Diphosphonates (DP) are synthetic pyrophosphates with a P-C-P backbone and are predominantly used for the treatment of bone diseases. Several DP have also been shown to exert significant antiarthritic effects in the rat adjuvant-induced polyarthritis model; however, there is no direct evidence for the anti-inflammatory effects of these compounds. We(More)
Bisphosphonate ester 2 is an inhibitor of inflammation, but is devoid of antiarthritic effects. SAR studies on a series of related bisphosphonate esters resulted in compounds 6e, 6i, 6j, and 6m, which exhibited excellent inhibition of an arthritis model, in addition to potent anti-inflammatory effects.
The present study examined the effects of five different classes of anti-inflammatory/immunoregulatory drugs using a mouse model of mBSA-induced delayed-type hypersensitivity granuloma (DTH GRA) to measure immune-mediated chronic inflammatory tissue formation. The compounds were administered orally daily following induction of DTH GRA (days 0 to 4);(More)
We showed previously that a 5-halo-6-phenyl-pyrimidinone, bropirimine (PNU-54461), inhibited progression of severe experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of human multiple sclerosis. In the work presented here, we examined the activity of a group of chemically-related bropirimine analogues. First, the pharmacokinetic properties of(More)
In murine severe experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model for the human disease multiple sclerosis (MS), we tested the efficacy of a 5-halo-6-phenyl pyrimidinone compound, bropirimine (PNU-54461). We observed that the compound is active in suppressing EAE when administered orally, a significant pharmacological advantage compared to(More)
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