L A Debruyne

Learn More
Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is the standard method of monitoring heart transplant recipients for the development of allograft rejection. To date, noninvasive methods to detect cardiac allograft rejection have lacked adequate sensitivity and specificity for wide clinical application. In this study, limiting dilution analysis (LDA) was used to quantitate the(More)
Introducing immunomodulatory molecules into allografts by gene transfer may avoid the side-effects of systemic immunosuppression. vMIP-II and MC148 are two recently identified chemokine homologues encoded by human herpes virus 8 and Molluscum contagiosum, respectively, that have antagonistic activities against multiple different CC and CXC chemokine(More)
A large number of alloantigenic determinants could be generated by both the direct and indirect alloantigen presentation pathways. Hence, a heterogeneous population of T cells expressing a wide variety of receptors would be expected to respond to this diverse array of alloantigenic determinants. However, T cells expressing highly restricted T cell receptor(More)
We have reported that acute cardiac allograft rejection is associated with increased numbers of donor-reactive helper T lymphocytes (HTL) in the peripheral blood of patients. Further, increased frequencies of circulating donor-reactive HTL may predict allograft rejection episodes diagnosed by endomyocardial biopsy. The present study evaluates the(More)
OBJECTIVE We compared the efficacy of in vivo and ex vivo liposome transfection in rat lung transplantation. METHODS (1) Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase group: Fischer rats underwent isogeneic transplantation (n = 4 per group). Recipients were put to death on postoperative day 2 for chloramphenicol acetyltransferase activity. Ex vivo setting: Grafts(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the current work was to study the feasibility of functional gene transfer using the gene encoding for transforming growth factor-beta1, a known immunosuppressive cytokine, on rat lung allograft function in the setting of acute rejection. METHODS The rat left lung transplant technique was used in all experiments, with Brown Norway(More)
Cardiac allograft rejection is diagnosed by routine, surveillance endomyocardial biopsy (EMB). EMB is an invasive and expensive procedure that detects ongoing, rather than impending, rejection, and may be influenced by sampling error due to nonuniform distribution of myocardial lesions. T cells are the principal regulators of allograft rejection; therefore,(More)
BACKGROUND Decapeptides derived from human HLA class I sequences have been shown to prolong allograft survival. The mechanism of action of these peptides has been uncertain, because they act in an MHC unrestricted manner. Recently, it was found that these peptides bind heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1). In the present study, we sought to determine whether local(More)
TCR expression was evaluated in lung transplant patients to determine whether T cells infiltrating rejecting lung allografts employed restricted V beta elements. Serial bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens were obtained from six lung transplant recipients at approximately 3 wk, 6 wk, and 3 mo post-transplant. T cell lines were established by culturing(More)