L.-Å. Malmqvist

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Pressure sores are a current problem in hospitals and care of the elderly, leading to protracted hospital stays and a high care burden. The trauma for the patients is severe, and the cost of pressure sore prevention and treatment, is considerable. Antidecubitus mattresses are used for prevention and in treatment, but they also contribute to the cost of(More)
Spinal analgesia using 22.5 mg glucose-free bupivacaine, given either as 3.0 ml of 0.75% solution or 4.5 ml of 0.5% solution was studied in a double-blind fashion in 40 patients scheduled for transurethral surgery. No differences in onset, duration and regression of analgesia or motor blockade were noticed, indicating that dosage (in mg) is more important(More)
Skin conductance responses (SCR, "sympatho-galvanic reflex") were measured before and during spinal analgesia in 17 patients scheduled for transurethral surgery. Responses were provoked by standardized electrical stimulation over the clavicle opposite to the recording side; alternatively, a short deep breath, pinching, verbal stimuli or sharp sounds were(More)
Luminescent markers play a key role in imaging techniques for life science since they provide a contrast mechanism between signal and background. We describe a new type of marker using second harmonic generation (SHG) from noncentrosymmetric BaTiO 3 nanocrystals. These nanoparticles are attractive due to their stable, non-saturating and coherent signal with(More)
We describe a new liquid-target system for low-debris laser-plasma soft x-ray sources. The system is based on a microscopic liquid jet and is experimentally evaluated for 0.7–1 keV proximity lithography and water-window x-ray microscopy applications. Compared to an existing liquid-droplet target, this target system has the same low debris emission, high(More)
  • K Ahmad, C Kuo, L Malmqvist, De Santiago, G Gilhooley, Ma +15 others
  • 2016
(2016). Chewing gum test for jaw claudication in giant-cell arteritis. (2016). Retinal thickness measured with optical coherence tomography and risk of disability worsening in multiple sclerosis: A cohort study. (2014). The investigation of acute optic neuritis: a review and proposed protocol. Diagnostic accuracy and use of nonmydriatic ocular fundus(More)
PURPOSE The multifocal visual evoked potential (mfVEP) provides a topographical assessment of visual function, which has already shown potential for use in patients with glaucoma and multiple sclerosis. However, the variability in mfVEP measurements has limited its broader application. The purpose of this study was to compare several methods of data(More)
We use the frequency doubled light from an optically trapped lithium niobate particle for non-intrusive scanning near-field optical microscopy. The detected power from this 50-100 nm diameter probe is currently tens of pW and is expected to approach nW with an improved detection system. The current experimental resolution is approximately 0.5 pm, while the(More)
The extent of sympathetic blockade in 36 patients, who had been given extradural analgesia, was studied by means of the skin conductance response (SCR). The SCR was also studied in six healthy volunteers who received, in a cross-over fashion, infusions of physiological saline (placebo) and saline containing mepivacaine. Two more volunteers were given saline(More)
The skin conductance response (SCR) (the "sympatho-galvanic reflex") was studied in volunteers and in a few patients undergoing spinal analgesia. Electrical stimulation over the clavicle, breath-holding during inspiration, a short, deep breath and a sharp sound provoked a marked change in conductance not only in the hand and foot but also in dermatomes T5,(More)
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