Lívia Krizková

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beta-Glucans belong to the class of substances known as biological response modifiers with a broad range of activity. We have investigated two types of glucans: (1-->3)-beta-D glucan from the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and beta-glucan-chitin complex from the mycelium of filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger. Since these fibrillar beta-glucans are(More)
AIMS To identify enterococci isolated from sheep milk cheese--bryndza, and to compare differences in the composition of enterococcal microflora affected by the season, and to evaluate the potential presence of vancomycin resistance and virulence determinants. METHODS AND RESULTS Bacterial strains were isolated during analysis of bryndza cheese and(More)
Arthrobotrys conoides Drechsler,Arthrobotrys oligospora Fressenius andMonacrosporium rutgeriensis R. C. Cooke, Pramer belong to the peculiar group of predactious fungi which trap and kill nematodes. We have found that these cultures produce nematode-attracting and nematicidal substances the production of which is potentiated in the presence of nematodes.(More)
The genotoxic effect of ofloxacin was significantly decreased by standard antimutagens (sodium selenite, ascorbic acid, butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene) in the unicellular flagellate Euglena gracilis. The antiofloxacin activity of sodium selenite was also documented by a bacterial test in which the repair-proficient strain Salmonella(More)
Three hundred and ten enterococcal isolates (178Enterococcus faecium, 68E. durans, 49E. faecalis, 8E. italicus, 3E. gallinarum, 3E. casseliflavus, and 1E. hirae) from Slovak Bryndza cheese were evaluated for susceptibility to nine antimicrobial agents (vancomycin, teicoplanin, ampicillin, streptomycin, gentamicin, erythromycin, rifampicin, nitrofurantoin,(More)
Ofloxacin (15 microg/mL) and acridine orange (5 microg/mL) induce mutagenicity by different mechanisms in the photosynthetic flagellate Euglena gracilis. The present study examined whether Pycnogenol (PYC; 5-100 microg/mL) or Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761; 5-100 microg/mL) could protect against the mutagenic effects of each of the mutagens and the(More)
The antioxidative activity and antimutagenic effects of the water-soluble beta-(1-3)-D-glucan derivatives from biotechnologically important species, in particular carboxymethyl-glucan (CM-G) and sulfoethyl-glucan (SE-G) both from the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and carboxymethyl-chitin-glucan (CM-CG) from filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger,(More)
Naturally occurring plant phenolics,p-coumaric acid (PA), caffeic acid (CA), ferulic acid (FA) and gentisic acid (GA) (25–100 nmol/L) had protective effects on acridine orange (AO; 216 μmol/L)- and ofloxacin (3 μmol/L)-induced genotoxicity inSalmonella typhimurium. FA, GA and CA exhibited a significant concentration-dependent protective effect against the(More)
Saponins, steroid or triterpene glycosides, are known to have a broad spectrum of biological and pharmacological activities. Three different triterpenoid saponins, marked here as 1s, 2s and 3s, from involucral bracts of Cynara cardunculus L. were isolated and their antimutagenic effect was assessed. Using spectrophotometric method it was shown that all(More)
The mutagenicity (bleaching activity) of ofloxacin (43 microM) and acridine orange (AO) (13.5 microM) in Euglena gracilis is inhibited by plant phenolics. Caffeic acid (CA), p-coumaric acid (PCA), ferulic acid (FA) and gentisic acid (GA) (25, 50, 100 and 250 microM) exhibited a significant concentration-dependent inhibitory effect against ofloxacin-induced(More)