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Ofloxacin (15 microg/mL) and acridine orange (5 microg/mL) induce mutagenicity by different mechanisms in the photosynthetic flagellate Euglena gracilis. The present study examined whether Pycnogenol (PYC; 5-100 microg/mL) or Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761; 5-100 microg/mL) could protect against the mutagenic effects of each of the mutagens and the(More)
Arthrobotrys conoides Drechsler,Arthrobotrys oligospora Fressenius andMonacrosporium rutgeriensis R. C. Cooke, Pramer belong to the peculiar group of predactious fungi which trap and kill nematodes. We have found that these cultures produce nematode-attracting and nematicidal substances the production of which is potentiated in the presence of nematodes.(More)
Saponins, steroid or triterpene glycosides, are known to have a broad spectrum of biological and pharmacological activities. Three different triterpenoid saponins, marked here as 1s, 2s and 3s, from involucral bracts of Cynara cardunculus L. were isolated and their antimutagenic effect was assessed. Using spectrophotometric method it was shown that all(More)
Water infusions of Ligustrum delavayanum and Ligustrum vulgare leaves and eight phenolics isolated therefrom have been assayed in vitro on ofloxacin-induced genotoxicity in the unicellular flagellate Euglena gracilis. The tested compounds luteolin, quercetin, luteolin-7-glucoside, luteolin-7-rutinoside, quercetin-3-rutinoside, apigenin-7-rutinoside, tyrosol(More)
Three hundred and ten enterococcal isolates (178Enterococcus faecium, 68E. durans, 49E. faecalis, 8E. italicus, 3E. gallinarum, 3E. casseliflavus, and 1E. hirae) from Slovak Bryndza cheese were evaluated for susceptibility to nine antimicrobial agents (vancomycin, teicoplanin, ampicillin, streptomycin, gentamicin, erythromycin, rifampicin, nitrofurantoin,(More)
The genotoxic effect of ofloxacin was significantly decreased by standard antimutagens (sodium selenite, ascorbic acid, butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene) in the unicellular flagellate Euglena gracilis. The antiofloxacin activity of sodium selenite was also documented by a bacterial test in which the repair-proficient strain Salmonella(More)
Three hundred and eight presumed enterococcal isolates were recovered from Bryndza, a soft sheep milk cheese. The cheese samples were obtained from five different commercial distributors in Slovakia and were taken at three different seasonal intervals. All isolates were identified to the species level using genotypic tools. Species-specific PCR using ddl(More)
AIMS To identify enterococci isolated from sheep milk cheese--bryndza, and to compare differences in the composition of enterococcal microflora affected by the season, and to evaluate the potential presence of vancomycin resistance and virulence determinants. METHODS AND RESULTS Bacterial strains were isolated during analysis of bryndza cheese and(More)
Concentrated extracts of MRS (De Man-Rogosa-Sharpe) media in which probiotic bacteriumEnterococcus faecium strain M-74 was grown exerted different antimutagenic activity against ofloxacin-,N-methyl,N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine- and sodium 5-nitro-2-furylacrylate-induced mutagenicity inSalmonella typhimurium assay depending on the presence (+Se) or absence of(More)
The antioxidant and antimutagenic activity of the yeast cell-wall mannan and mannan conjugates--in particular the mannan of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (M-S.c.) and conjugates of mannan S. cerevisiae with human serum albumin (M-HSA1, M-HSA2) and the microbial enzyme penicillin G acylase (M-PGA)--were evaluated in vitro in the unicellular flagellate Euglena(More)