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Pulmonary surfactant, a lipoprotein complex, is essential for normal lung function, and deficiency of surfactant can result in respiratory-distress syndrome (RDS) in the prematurely born infant. Some studies have pointed towards a genetic contribution to the aetiology of RDS. Because the surfactant protein B (SP-B) is important for optimal surfactant(More)
Plant transformation via Agrobacterium frequently results in formation of multiple copy T-DNA arrays at one target site of the chromosome. The T-DNA copies are arranged in repeats, direct or inverted around one of the T-DNA borders. A Ti plasmid-derived transformation vector has been constructed enabling direct selection of transformants carrying at least(More)
Water infusions of Ligustrum delavayanum and Ligustrum vulgare leaves and eight phenolics isolated therefrom have been assayed in vitro on ofloxacin-induced genotoxicity in the unicellular flagellate Euglena gracilis. The tested compounds luteolin, quercetin, luteolin-7-glucoside, luteolin-7-rutinoside, quercetin-3-rutinoside, apigenin-7-rutinoside, tyrosol(More)
Saponins, steroid or triterpene glycosides, are known to have a broad spectrum of biological and pharmacological activities. Three different triterpenoid saponins, marked here as 1s, 2s and 3s, from involucral bracts of Cynara cardunculus L. were isolated and their antimutagenic effect was assessed. Using spectrophotometric method it was shown that all(More)
AIMS To identify enterococci isolated from sheep milk cheese--bryndza, and to compare differences in the composition of enterococcal microflora affected by the season, and to evaluate the potential presence of vancomycin resistance and virulence determinants. METHODS AND RESULTS Bacterial strains were isolated during analysis of bryndza cheese and(More)
Three hundred and eight presumed enterococcal isolates were recovered from Bryndza, a soft sheep milk cheese. The cheese samples were obtained from five different commercial distributors in Slovakia and were taken at three different seasonal intervals. All isolates were identified to the species level using genotypic tools. Species-specific PCR using ddl(More)
beta-Glucans belong to the class of substances known as biological response modifiers with a broad range of activity. We have investigated two types of glucans: (1-->3)-beta-D glucan from the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and beta-glucan-chitin complex from the mycelium of filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger. Since these fibrillar beta-glucans are(More)
We have previously characterized two surfactant protein A (SP-A) cDNAs termed 1A and 6A, as well as a 6A allelic variant termed 6A1. These sequences are quite heterogeneous at the 3' untranslated region (3'UT). Differences between 6A and 6A1 alleles include an 11-bp insertion/deletion 407 bases downstream from the start of the translation termination codon(More)
The antioxidative activity and antimutagenic effects of the water-soluble beta-(1-3)-D-glucan derivatives from biotechnologically important species, in particular carboxymethyl-glucan (CM-G) and sulfoethyl-glucan (SE-G) both from the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and carboxymethyl-chitin-glucan (CM-CG) from filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger,(More)
One hundred and seventy-six Enterococcus faecium isolates from Slovak dairy product Bryndza were tested for the presence of plasmid DNA. Eighty-two isolates were positive and their plasmid DNA was isolated and digested by EcoRI and HindIII restriction endonucleases. The patterns obtained were compared with those obtained after pulsed-field gel(More)