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From the point of view of the information supplied by an ATIS to the motorists entering a freeway of one of the most relevant is the Forecasted Travel Time, that is the expected travel time that they will experience when traverse a freeway segment. From the point of view of ATMS, the dynamic estimates of time dependencies in OD matrices is a major input to(More)
An innovative analytical approach based on the use of comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography (LC×LC) is applied to obtain the profiling of phenolic compounds in different apple varieties. The method combines the use of hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography in the first dimension and a reversed phase separation in the second dimension,(More)
The purpose of the traffic assignment problem is to obtain a traffic flow pattern given a set of origin-destination travel demands and flow dependent link performance functions of a road network. In the general case, the traffic assignment problem can be formulated as a variational inequality, and several algorithms have been devised for its efficient(More)
In the present work, the phlorotannin composition of different Sargassum muticum samples collected at different locations along the North Atlantic coasts as well as the bioactivities related to these components were investigated. After pressurized liquid extraction, the samples collected at the extreme locations of a latitudinal gradient from Portugal and(More)
Phlorotannins are an important class of polyphenolic compounds only found in brown algae. The chemical analysis of these bioactive polyphenols is rather difficult due to the great chemical variability and complexity of the natural composition of these components in algae, forming large phloroglucinol polymers. In the present work, a new approach based on(More)
In this work, the development and optimization of a new methodology to analyze grape seed procyanidins based on the application of two-dimensional comprehensive LC is presented. This two-dimensional method involves the use of a microbore column containing a diol stationary phase in the first dimension coupled to either a C18 partially porous short column or(More)
Time-Dependent Origin-Destination (OD) matrices are a key input to Dynamic Traffic Models. Microscopic and Mesoscopic traffic simulators are relevant examples of such models, traditionally used to assist in the design and evaluation of Traffic Management and Information Systems (ATMS/ATIS). Dynamic traffic models can also be used to support real-time(More)
Time-Dependent Origin-Destination (OD) matrices are essential input for Dynamic Traffic Models such as microscopic and mesoscopic traffic simulators. Dynamic traffic models also support real-time traffic management decisions and they are traditionally used in the design and evaluation of Traffic Management and Information Systems (ATMS/ATIS). Time-dependent(More)
Origin-Destination (OD) trip matrices describe the patterns of traffic behavior across the network and play a key role as primary data input to many traffic models. OD matrices are a critical requirement, either in static or dynamic models for traffic assignment. However, OD matrices are not yet directly observable, thus, the current practice consists of(More)
Algae have been consumed for many years in Asian countries; at present, its consumption around the world either as food ingredient or directly as food commodity has increased considerably mainly due to the Asian influence and its cuisine, but also because the growing interest on the beneficial health effects of algae. Although several biological activities(More)