Lídia Maria Pepe de Moraes

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The National Alcohol Program--PróAlcool, created by the government of Brazil in 1975 resulted less dependency on fossil fuels. The addition of 25% ethanol to gasoline reduced the import of 550 million barrels oil and also reduced the emission CO(2) by 110 million tons. Today, 44% of the Brazilian energy matrix is renewable and 13.5% is derived from(More)
Many years have passed since the first genetically modified Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains capable of fermenting xylose were obtained with the promise of an environmentally sustainable solution for the conversion of the abundant lignocellulosic biomass to ethanol. Several challenges emerged from these first experiences, most of them related to solving(More)
A beta-glucosidase gene (bgl4) from Humicola grisea var thermoidea was successfully expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The recombinant protein (BGL4(Sc)) was initially detected associated with yeast cells and later in the culture medium. BGL4(Sc) showed optimal pH and temperature of 6.0 and 40 degrees C, respectively, and an apparent molecular mass of(More)
Urate oxidase (EC 1.7.3.3) is an enzyme involved in purine metabolism which is used in the treatment of gout and as diagnostic reagent for detection of uric acid. In order to produce this enzyme in large quantities for biotechnological purposes, the gene coding for the Bacillus subtilis urate oxidase was cloned and heterologously expressed in Escherichia(More)
The region of Alta Floresta in the South of the Amazon basin, close to the Teles Pires River, was one of the main prospecting gold areas in the Amazon Basin until the beginning of the 1990s. The economic growth was accompanied by a considerable increase in the population, due to a massive influx of migrants from the southern region of the country. Women had(More)
Yeast cells of the human pathogenic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis strain Pb01 were transformed to hygromycin B resistance using the plasmid pAN7.1. Transformation was achieved by electroporation, with intact or linearized plasmid DNA. The fungus was transformed using 200 mM manitol, 5 or 7 kV/cm field strength, 25 microF capacitance, 400 omega(More)
An extracellular alpha-amylase (Amy1) whose gene from Cryptococcus flavus was previously expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was purified to homogeneity (67 kDa) by ion-exchange and molecular exclusion chromatography. The enzyme was activated by NH(4) (+) and inhibited by Cu(+2) and Hg(+2). Significant biochemical and structural discrepancies between(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are effective antibiotic agents commonly found in plants, animals, and microorganisms, and they have been suggested as the future of antimicrobial chemotherapies. It is vital to understand the molecular details that define the mechanism of action of resistance to AMPs for a rational planning of the next antibiotic generation(More)
Brazil is a major producer of agro-industrial residues, such as sugarcane bagasse, which could be used as raw material for microbial production of cellulases as an important strategy for the development of sustainable processes of second generation ethanol production. For this purpose, this work aimed at screening for glycosyl hydrolase activities of fungal(More)
The yeast Cryptococcus flavus secretes a glycosylated alpha-amylase (Amy1) when grown in a starch-containing medium. The effects of N-glycosylation on secretion, enzyme activity, and stability of this glycoprotein were studied. Addition of tunicamycin (TM) to the medium at a concentration higher than 0.5 microg mL(-1) affected C. flavus growth. Amy1(More)