Léonor Benhaim

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BACKGROUND Multiplex digital PCR (dPCR) enables noninvasive and sensitive detection of circulating tumor DNA with performance unachievable by current molecular-detection approaches. Furthermore, picodroplet dPCR facilitates simultaneous screening for multiple mutations from the same sample. METHODS We investigated the utility of multiplex dPCR to screen(More)
PURPOSE There is substantial germline genetic variability within angiogenesis pathway genes, thereby causing interindividual differences in angiogenic capacity and resistance to antiangiogenesis therapy. We investigated germline polymorphisms in genes involved in VEGF-dependent and -independent angiogenesis pathways to predict clinical outcome and tumor(More)
PURPOSE Recent evidence suggests that cancer stem cells (CSC) are responsible for key elements of colon cancer progression and recurrence. Germline variants in CSC genes may result in altered gene function and/or activity, thereby causing interindividual differences in a patient's tumor recurrence capacity and chemoresistance. We investigated germline(More)
The peritoneal cancer index (PCI) is the main prognostic factor for establishing potentially resectable peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer. Attempts have been made to set a PCI cutoff on which to base indications of complete cytoreductive surgery (CCRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC), but none have reached consensus. The(More)
PURPOSE Purulent or fecal peritonitis is one of the most serious complications of acute diverticulitis. Up to one-fourth of patients hospitalized for acute diverticulitis require an emergent operation for a complication, including abscess, peritonitis, or stenosis. Open Hartmann's procedure has been the operation of choice for these patients. The advantages(More)
INTRODUCTION After curatively intended surgery for colorectal liver metastases, liver recurrences occur in more than 60% of patients, despite the administration of adjuvant systemic chemotherapy. The aim of this study was to assess the benefit of combined adjuvant hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) and intravenous (IV) 5-FU compared with standard modern(More)
The pharmacogenomics field is crucial for optimizing the selection of which chemotherapy regimen to use according to the patient's genomic profile. Indeed, the individual's inherited genome accounts for a large proportion of the variation in his or her response to chemotherapeutic agents both in terms of efficiency and toxicity. Patients with metastatic(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to compare the postoperative and oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic versus open surgery for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (gGISTs). BACKGROUND The feasibility of the laparoscopic approach for gGIST resection has been demonstrated; however, its impact on outcomes, particularly its oncologic safety for tumors(More)
PURPOSE The prognostic value of sex for esophageal cancer survival is currently unclear, and growing data suggest that hormonal influences may account for incidence disparities between men and women. Therefore, moving from the hypothesis that hormones could affect the prognosis of patients with esophageal cancer, we investigated the primary hypothesis that(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) is a rare and aggressive tumour with poor outcomes. Because of its low incidence, the number prospective studies remains insufficient leading to poor knowledge and absence of standard of care. Aiming to better understand small bowel carcinogenesis we investigated the frequency of somatic mutations in a large(More)