Lélia Delamarre

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CD11b+ dendritic cells (DCs) seem to be specialized for presenting antigens via major histocompatibility (MHC) class II complexes to stimulate helper T cells, but the genetic and regulatory basis for this is not established. Conditional deletion of Irf4 resulted in loss of CD11b+ DCs, impaired formation of peptide–MHC class II complexes and defective(More)
Dendritic cells have a unique function in the immune response owing to their ability to stimulate immunologically naive T lymphocytes. In response to microbial and inflammatory stimuli, dendritic cells enhance their capacity for antigen presentation by a process of terminal differentiation, termed maturation. The conversion of immature to mature dendritic(More)
Antigen-presenting cells (APCs) internalize antigens and present antigen-derived peptides to T cells. Although APCs have been thought to exhibit a well-developed capacity for lysosomal proteolysis, here we found that they can exhibit two distinct strategies upon antigen encounter. Whereas macrophages contained high levels of lysosomal proteases and rapidly(More)
In response to inflammatory stimuli, dendritic cells (DCs) trigger the process of maturation, a terminal differentiation program required to initiate T-lymphocyte responses. A hallmark of maturation is down-regulation of endocytosis, which is widely assumed to restrict the ability of mature DCs to capture and present antigens encountered after the initial(More)
Despite significant effort, the development of effective vaccines inducing strong and durable T-cell responses against intracellular pathogens and cancer cells has remained a challenge. The initiation of effector CD8(+) T-cell responses requires the presentation of peptides derived from internalized antigen on class I major histocompatibility complex(More)
Human BDCA3(+) dendritic cells (DCs), the proposed equivalent to mouse CD8α(+) DCs, are widely thought to cross present antigens on MHC class I (MHCI) molecules more efficiently than other DC populations. If true, it is unclear whether this reflects specialization for cross presentation or a generally enhanced ability to present antigens on MHCI. We(More)
Human tumours typically harbour a remarkable number of somatic mutations. If presented on major histocompatibility complex class I molecules (MHCI), peptides containing these mutations could potentially be immunogenic as they should be recognized as 'non-self' neo-antigens by the adaptive immune system. Recent work has confirmed that mutant peptides can(More)
During maturation, dendritic cells (DCs) regulate their capacity to process and present major histocompatibility complex (MHC) II-restricted antigens. Here we show that presentation of exogenous antigens by MHC I is also subject to developmental control, but in a fashion strikingly distinct from MHC II. Immature mouse bone marrow-derived DCs internalize(More)
The detection of microbial pathogens involves the recognition of conserved microbial components by host cell sensors such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and NOD-like receptors (NLRs). TLRs are membrane receptors that survey the extracellular environment for microbial infections, whereas NLRs are cytosolic complexes that detect microbial products that reach(More)
T cells recognize protein antigens as short peptides processed and displayed by antigen-presenting cells. However, the mechanism of peptide selection is incompletely understood, and, consequently, the differences in the immunogenicity of protein antigens remain largely unpredictable and difficult to manipulate. In this paper we show that the susceptibility(More)