László Szilágyi

Learn More
Trypsin (Tr) and chymotrypsin (Ch) have similar tertiary structures, yet Tr cleaves peptides at arginine and lysine residues and Ch prefers large hydrophobic residues. Although replacement of the S1 binding site of Tr with the analogous residues of Ch is sufficient to transfer Ch specificity for ester hydrolysis, specificity for amide hydrolysis is not(More)
Hereditary pancreatitis, an autosomal dominant disease is believed to be caused by mutation in the human trypsinogen gene. The role of mutations has been investigated by in vitro studies using recombinant rat and human trypsinogen (TG). In this study we compare the enzymatic properties and inhibition by human pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (hPSTI)(More)
Severe neurodegradative brain diseases, like Alzheimer, are tightly linked with proteolytic activity in the human brain. Proteinases expressed in the brain, such as human trypsin IV, are likely to be involved in the pathomechanism of these diseases. The observation of amyloid formed in the brain of transgenic mice expressing human trypsin IV supports this(More)
D-Gluco- and D-xylopyranosylidene-spiro-hydantoins and -thiohydantoins were prepared from the parent sugars in a six-step, highly chemo-, regio-, and stereoselective procedure. In the key step of the syntheses C-(1-bromo-1-deoxy-beta-D-glycopyranosyl)formamides were reacted with cyanate ion to give spiro-hydantoins with a retained configuration at the(More)
Atomic resolution (<or=1.2 A) serine protease intermediate structures revealed that the strength of the hydrogen bonds between the enzyme and the substrate changed during catalysis. The well-conserved hydrogen bonds of antiparallel beta-sheet between the enzyme and the substrate become significantly shorter in the transition from a Michaelis complex(More)
Due to autodigestion the activity of dissolved trypsin successively decreases. Autolysis leads to proteolytic cleavages of some arginyl and lysyl peptide bonds of the trypsin structure. Three important autolysis sites have been reported for bovine trypsin: Lys61-Ser62, Arg117-Val118 and Lys145-Ser146. Out of these three sites only the first two exist in rat(More)
Two histidines were introduced by site-directed mutagenesis into the structure of Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein, replacing the serine at position 202 and the glutamine at position 204 for increasing the sensitivity of the protein towards different metal ions by creating possible metal binding sites near the chromophore group. There is no appreciable(More)
Peptidic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) antagonists are the subject of intensive research. We report an NMR and modeling study of LALF-14 (GCKPTFRRLKWKYKCG), a synthetic cyclized fragment of the limulus anti-LPS factor (LALF) comprising residues 36-47. In a mixture with LPS we observed the transferred NOE effect and derived the LPS-bound structure of LALF-14.(More)
Trypsin and chymotrypsin have specificity pockets of essentially the same geometry, yet trypsin is specific for basic while chymotrypsin for bulky hydrophobic residues at the P1 site of the substrate. A model by Steitz, Henderson and Blow suggested the presence of a negative charge at site 189 as the major specificity determinant: Asp189 results in tryptic,(More)
This paper presents a patient specific deformable heart model that involves the known electrical and mechanical properties of the cardiac cells and tissue. The whole heart model comprises ten Tusscher's ventricular and Nygren's atrial cell models, the anatomical and electrophysiological model descriptions of the atria (introduced by Harrild et al.) and(More)