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Fetal chromosomal damage and toxicity were investigated in mice exposed to the atmospheric concentrations of 28.5 mg m-3, 2.9 mg m-3 and 0.26 mg m-3 of arsenic for 4 h per day on the 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th days of gestation. On the 18th day, the fetuses were removed, and the following parameters were examined: the number of dead fetuses, retardation in(More)
BACKGROUND Manganese, an essential micronutrient, is a potential neurotoxicant in prolonged overexposure. Parkinson-like syndrome, motor deficit, disturbed psychomotor development are typical signs of neuropathological alterations due to Mn in humans. METHODS Young adult rats, in three groups of 16 each, received 15 and 59 mg/kg b.w. MnCl(2), (control:(More)
The present study was undertaken to examine possible aluminum (Al) accumulation in the brain of rats and to investigate whether subchronic exposure to the metal leads to behavioral and neurophysiological changes in both treated and control groups. Each of the groups consisted of 10 animals. Aluminum chloride (AlCl3) at a low (50 mg/kg/d) or high (200(More)
The central and peripheral nervous system effects of acute and subchronic exposure to three organic phosphoro-acid esters (dimethoate, dichlorvos, parathion-methyl) were studied. CNS-dependent variables included mean EEG amplitude, mean frequency of the EEG, and the activity (power density) of six component frequency bands. Peripheral nervous system(More)
Neurophysiological changes caused by parallel treatment with inorganic lead and dimethoate (a combination of possible health risk at population level) were investigated in different phases of the ontogenesis. Wistar rats were treated by gavage with lead (80.0 or 320.0 mg/kg); with dimethoate (7.0 or 28.0 mg/kg), or with their combination on days 5-15 of(More)
OBJECTIVE Exposure to many xenobiotics may cause depletion of folic acid (folate), which is an essential vitamin for humans. Replacement of folate can be effective in protection against some diseases and in partial or total prevention of adverse effects related to xenobiotics. Aluminum (Al) is the most widely distributed metal in the outer crust of the(More)
Behavioural and electrophysiological changes caused by inorganic cadmium were investigated in the offspring of female Wistar rats. Dams were given 3.5, 7.0 or 14.0 mg kg(-1) cadmium (cadmium chloride dissolved in distilled water) in three different treatment regimes: days 5-15 of pregnancy; days 5-15 of pregnancy + 4 weeks of lactation; days 5-15 of(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to determine demographic, obstetric and pregnancy care related factors of folic acid intake during preconceptional and prenatal period of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN A questionnaire-based retrospective study was delivered at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pregnancy Care Centre. The frequency of folic(More)
In male Wistar rats, behavioral and electrophysiological investigations, and blood and brain manganese level determinations, were performed; during 10 weeks treatment with low-dose manganese chloride and a 12 weeks post-treatment period. Three groups of 16 animals each received daily doses of 14.84 and 59.36mg/kg b.w. MnCl(2) (control: distilled water) via(More)