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BACKGROUND Manganese, an essential micronutrient, is a potential neurotoxicant in prolonged overexposure. Parkinson-like syndrome, motor deficit, disturbed psychomotor development are typical signs of neuropathological alterations due to Mn in humans. METHODS Young adult rats, in three groups of 16 each, received 15 and 59 mg/kg b.w. MnCl(2), (control:(More)
Neurophysiological changes caused by parallel treatment with inorganic lead and dimethoate (a combination of possible health risk at population level) were investigated in different phases of the ontogenesis. Wistar rats were treated by gavage with lead (80.0 or 320.0 mg/kg); with dimethoate (7.0 or 28.0 mg/kg), or with their combination on days 5-15 of(More)
The present study was undertaken to examine possible aluminum (Al) accumulation in the brain of rats and to investigate whether subchronic exposure to the metal leads to behavioral and neurophysiological changes in both treated and control groups. Each of the groups consisted of 10 animals. Aluminum chloride (AlCl3) at a low (50 mg/kg/d) or high (200(More)
Behavioural and electrophysiological changes caused by inorganic cadmium were investigated in the offspring of female Wistar rats. Dams were given 3.5, 7.0 or 14.0 mg kg(-1) cadmium (cadmium chloride dissolved in distilled water) in three different treatment regimes: days 5-15 of pregnancy; days 5-15 of pregnancy + 4 weeks of lactation; days 5-15 of(More)
Single neuron firing rate was recorded from dorsal raphe nucleus of anesthetized rats. The firing rate of raphe neurons varied from 4 to 8 discharge per second before drug administration and this neuronal activity was decreased by L-701,324 (2 mg/kg i.v. injection), a competitive antagonist of glycineB binding site of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors.(More)
In male Wistar rats, behavioral and electrophysiological investigations, and blood and brain manganese level determinations, were performed; during 10 weeks treatment with low-dose manganese chloride and a 12 weeks post-treatment period. Three groups of 16 animals each received daily doses of 14.84 and 59.36mg/kg b.w. MnCl(2) (control: distilled water) via(More)
Young adult male Wistar rats (24/group) were treated for 5 weeks with methyl mercury(II)chloride (corresponding to 0.5 and 2.0mgHg°/kg b.w., control: distilled water) by gavage, followed by a 19 weeks post-treatment period. Spontaneous motility, psychomotor performance and sensorimotor gating was repeatedly tested, electrophysiological recordings done, in(More)
The neurotoxic effects of Dimethoate (Dim), Dichlorvos (DDVP) and Methyl-Parathion (MP) respectively were investigated on the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS) of rats after different treatment schedules at the macro and single unit cell level. At the macro investigations 1/25, 1/50 and 1/100 of the respective LD50 values of(More)
In an attempt to model occupational and environmental Mn exposures and their possible interaction, young male Wistar rats were exposed to Mn by oral administration in dissolved form (MnCl(2)·4H(2)O, 14.84 and 59.36 mg/kg b.w.) and by intratracheal application of MnO(2) nanoparticles (2.63 mg/kg b.w.). After 3 and 6 weeks oral, or 3 weeks oral plus 3 weeks(More)
Mercury is a neurotoxic compound causing irreversible disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system. In some of the previous human and experimental studies mercury also affected some functional neurological parameters such as EEG, and cortical evoked potentials. In the present study, the effect of subchronic (4, 8, and 12 weeks) relatively(More)