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The cerebral projection of vestibular signaling was studied by using PET with a special differential experimental protocol. Caloric vestibular stimulation (CVS)-induced regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) changes were investigated in two populations. Butanol perfusion scans were carried out on six healthy volunteers and on six patients following the removal(More)
There are a number of well-known stimulation methods for the investigation of the central projection of the vestibular system. In addition to optokinetic, galvanic and neck vibration tests, the most widespread method is caloric stimulation. These listed methods cause not only vestibular, but also other effects on the central nervous system (CNS) (acoustic,(More)
In this retrospective study of 67 aneurysmal patients, the predictive role of central conduction time (CCT) on vasospasm occurrence evaluated by means of transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) and the correlation of CCT to blood flow velocity measured simultaneously in postoperative course were studied. Data about the clinical state of patients at the time(More)
Although SEP monitoring of the spinal cord has been a well established method recently, not an ultimate, perfectly developed technique for monitoring of the motor system is known so far, particularly, because of the disturbing effect of narcotic drugs and relaxants on the motor evoked potentials. In this study the upper part of the spinal cord was(More)
Because of the suppressant effects of anesthetic drugs and muscle relaxants on motor responses elicited by either magnetic or electrical transcranial stimulation, intraoperative monitoring of the motor system, and especially monitoring of lower limb function, presents many difficulties. The upper part of the spinal cord was stimulated in 14 anesthetized and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the value of nasopharyngeal and tracheal recordings of somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) in anesthetized dogs. ANIMALS 10 healthy mixed-breed dogs (5 males and 5 females). PROCEDURE Square-ware electrical stimuli (50 microseconds duration, 4Hz) were delivered through bipolar surface electrodes to the median nerve of the(More)
The difficulties of differential diagnosis between intra- and suprasellar tumours resp. inflammatory processes are discussed, based on three personal cases. In all three computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MR) had demonstrated a tumour, but the clinical signs with discrepancies between radiological and clinical findings were pointing to(More)
Motor and sensory evoked potentials were recorded in 27 patients with expanding spinal tumour. The patients were divided into 2 groups: I. tumours at the level of the spinal cord and II. at the level of the cauda equina. On the basis of the localization of the tumour, midline and lateral subgroups were distinguished. The latencies of motor evoked potentials(More)
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