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OBJECTIVE The aetiology of Graves' disease (GD) is generally thought to fit a multi-factorial pattern of inheritance in which clinical disease develops on the basis of genetic susceptibility interacting with environmental and endogenous factors. In previous twin studies the probandwise concordance rates for hyperthyroidism were as high as 0.86 in(More)
The relationship between thyrotoxicosis and osteoporotic fractures remains controversial, particularly in men. Register-based cohort study including all patients with a serum thyrotropin (TSH) measurement in the region of Funen 1996-2010. All TSH determinations were done in the same lab, which served all hospitals and General Practice (GP) practices in the(More)
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, Associazione Medici Endocrinologi, and European Thyroid Association medical guidelines for clinical practice for the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules are systematically developed statements to assist health care professionals in medical decision making for specific clinical conditions. Most of(More)
The simple nodular goiter, the etiology of which is multifactorial, encompasses the spectrum from the incidental asymptomatic small solitary nodule to the large intrathoracic goiter, causing pressure symptoms as well as cosmetic complaints. Its management is still the cause of considerable controversy. The mainstay in the diagnostic evaluation is related to(More)
BACKGROUND Phthalates are widely used chemicals, and human exposure is extensive. Recent studies have indicated that phthalates may have thyroid-disrupting properties. OBJECTIVE We aimed to assess concentrations of phthalate metabolites in urine samples from Danish children and to investigate the associations with thyroid function, insulin-like growth(More)
Thyroid function and ultrasonographically determined thyroid volume were investigated at regular intervals during pregnancy and the first postpartum year in 20 women without thyroid autoantibodies. Serum total thyroxine and total triiodothyronine levels were increased and free thyroxine index and free triiodothyronine index levels were decreased, whereas(More)
CONTEXT Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) comprise Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). They are characterized by loss of immunological self-tolerance and female preponderance. Theoretically, X chromosome inactivation (XCI) and resultant tissue chimerism could offer an explanation for the female predisposition to AITD. AIM Our aim was(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The epidemiology of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) may be changing. The aim of the study was to identify trends in presentation of GO to tertiary centres and initial management over time. METHODS Prospective observational study of European Group On Graves' Orbitopathy (EUGOGO) centres. All new referrals with a diagnosis of GO over a 4-month(More)
Graves' disease (GD) is a common autoimmune disease (AID) that shares many of its susceptibility loci with other AIDs. The thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) represents the primary autoantigen in GD, in which autoantibodies bind to the receptor and mimic its ligand, thyroid stimulating hormone, causing the characteristic clinical phenotype.(More)