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The spinal reflex depressant mechanism of tolperisone and some of its structural analogs with central muscle relaxant action was investigated. Tolperisone (50-400 microM), eperisone, lanperisone, inaperisone, and silperisone (25-200 microM) dose dependently depressed the ventral root potential of isolated hemisected spinal cord of 6-day-old rats. The local(More)
Accumulating evidence has indicated the involvement of glutamatergic neurotransmission in the pathophysiology of excitotoxicity and in the mechanism of action of antidepressants. We have previously shown that tricyclic desipramine and the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine inhibit NMDA receptors (NMDARs) in the clinically relevant, low(More)
BACKGROUND There is only one established drug binding site on sodium channels. However, drug binding of sodium channels shows extreme promiscuity: ∼25% of investigated drugs have been found to potently inhibit sodium channels. The structural diversity of these molecules suggests that they may not share the binding site, and/or the mode of action. Our goal(More)
Chronic pain states and epilepsies are common therapeutic targets of voltage-gated sodium channel blockers. Inhibition of sodium channels results in central muscle relaxant activity as well. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are also applied in the treatment of pain syndromes. Here, we investigate the pharmacodynamic interaction between these two(More)
The ionophore function of gamma-aminobutyric acid A (GABA(A)) receptors was studied by whole-cell patch clamp electrophysiology in primary cultures of rat cerebellar cortex. Chloride currents elicited by 1 microM GABA were potentiated by allopregnanolone with a plateau of high affinity (EC(50) = 14 nM) and a peak of potentiation around 1 microM(More)
In this study, we have established a non-neuronal cell line stably and inducibly expressing recombinant NMDA receptors (NRs) composed of rat NR1a/NR2A subunits. EcR-293 cells were transfected with rat NR1a and NR2A cDNAs using the inducible mammalian expression vector pIND. Cell colonies resistant for the selecting agents were picked and tested for NR2A(More)
Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica isolates from Austria, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and Romania were placed into an existing phylogeographic framework. Isolates from Italy were assigned to phylogenetic group B.FTNF002-00; the other isolates, to group B.13. Most F. tularensis subsp. holarctica isolates from Europe belong to these 2 geographically(More)
Ionotropic glycine receptors were studied in cultured spinal cord neurons prepared from 17-day-old rat embryos, using whole-cell patch clamp electrophysiology. Glycine receptors of 3-17 days in vitro were characterized via subtype-specific channel blockade by micromolar picrotoxin and cyanotriphenylborate, as well as nanomolar strychnine. Potentiation by(More)
(4-Benzylpiperidine-1-yl)-(6-hydroxy-1H-indole-2-yl)-methanone (6a) derived from (E)-1-(4-benzylpiperidin-1-yl)-3-(4-hydroxy-phenyl)-propenone (5) was identified as a potent NR2B subunit-selective antagonist of the NMDA receptor. To establish the structure-activity relationship (SAR) and to attempt the improvement of the ADME properties of the lead, a(More)
A novel series of benzimidazole-2-carboxamide derivatives was prepared and identified as NR2B selective NMDA receptor antagonists. The influence of some structural elements, like H-bond donor groups placed on the benzimidazole skeleton and the substitution pattern of the piperidine ring, on the biological activity was studied. Compound 6a showed excellent(More)