László Csiba

Learn More
BACKGROUND Clopidogrel was superior to aspirin in patients with previous manifestations of atherothrombotic disease in the CAPRIE study and its benefit was amplified in some high-risk subgroups of patients. We aimed to assess whether addition of aspirin to clopidogrel could have a greater benefit than clopidogrel alone in prevention of vascular events with(More)
The vanilloid receptor (TRPV1 or VR1) is a molecular integrator of various painful stimuli, including capsaicin, acid, and high temperature. It can also be activated by endogenous ligands, like the cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1) agonist anandamide. TRPV1 is well characterized at the terminals of sensory nerves involved in the pain pathway. There is also(More)
Intima-media thickness (IMT) provides a surrogate end point of cardiovascular outcomes in clinical trials evaluating the efficacy of cardiovascular risk factor modification. Carotid artery plaque further adds to the cardiovascular risk assessment. It is defined as a focal structure that encroaches into the arterial lumen of at least 0.5 mm or 50% of the(More)
Intima-media thickness (IMT) is increasingly used in clinical trials as a surrogate end point for determining the success of interventions that lower risk factors for atherosclerosis. The necessity for unified criteria to distinguish early atherosclerotic plaque formation from thickening of IMT and to standardize IMT measurements is addressed in this(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The anterior communicating artery (AcoA) and posterior communicating arteries (PcoA) of the circle of Willis provide the main route for collateral blood flow in cases of carotid artery obstruction. Transcranial color-coded duplex ultrasonography (TCCD) allows real-time measurement of the collateral function of the AcoA and PcoA. The(More)
Depressive symptoms can often be observed after stroke. We prospectively evaluated patients at a stroke unit in order to determine the occurrence and severity of depressive symptoms in the acute phase of stroke in 82 patients 7 +/- 2 days after admission to the stroke unit. Severity of stroke was evaluated by the Scandinavian and Orgogozo scales and the(More)
The effects of reversible middle cerebral artery occlusion on regional pH and ATP distribution were studied in a new stroke model in rats by a planimetric method. Thirty minutes of ischemia was followed by 2, 4 and 24 hours of reperfusion. Ischemia resulted in acidosis and ATP depletion. In some areas tissue pH reached the threshold of the umbelliferone(More)
BACKGROUND Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) accounted for 9% to 27% of all strokes worldwide in the last decade, with high early case fatality and poor functional outcome. In view of recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the management of ICH, the European Stroke Organisation (ESO) has updated its evidence-based guidelines for the management of ICH.(More)
Intima-media thickness (IMT) is increasingly used as a surrogate end point of vascular outcomes in clinical trials aimed at determining the success of interventions that lower risk factors for atherosclerosis and associated diseases (stroke, myocardial infarction and peripheral artery diseases). The necessity to promote further criteria to distinguish early(More)
A technique was developed for the quantitative regional assessment of brain pH by a modification of the umbelliferone method. Twenty micron thick sections were brought into contact with umbelliferone-soaked paper strips and the fluorescence (450 nm) following excitation at 370 nm and 340 nm was recorded photographically. The 340 nm excitation image was(More)