László Csernoch

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Dystrophin-deficient muscle fibers from mdx mice are believed to suffer from increased calcium entry and elevated submembranous calcium level, the actual source and functional consequences of which remain obscure. Here we compare the properties of the dihydropyridine receptor as voltage sensor and calcium channel in control and mdx muscle fibers, using the(More)
The small, basic, and cysteine-rich antifungal protein PAF is abundantly secreted into the supernatant by the beta-lactam producer Penicillium chrysogenum. PAF inhibits the growth of various important plant and zoopathogenic filamentous fungi. Previous studies revealed the active internalization of the antifungal protein and the induction of multifactorial(More)
The role of elevated intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]) in activating calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) was studied in skeletal muscle fibers microinjected with strong calcium buffers. After the injection of 3.8 +/- 0.5 mM (mean +/- S.E. of mean, n = 16) BAPTA (1,2-bis[o-aminophenoxy]ethane- N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid) or(More)
1. The effects of perchlorate ions (1-8 mM) on intramembrane charge movement, myoplasmic Antipyrylazo III Ca2+ transients and contractile activation were examined in voltage-clamped cut skeletal muscle fibres of the frog. 2. Perchlorate shifted both the voltage dependence of charge movement and the rheobase of the strength-duration relation for contraction(More)
1. Single muscle fibres were dissociated enzymatically from the extensor digitorum longus and communis muscles of rats and guinea-pigs. The fibres were mounted into a double Vaseline gap experimental chamber and the events in excitation-contraction coupling were studied under voltage clamp conditions. 2. The voltage dependence of intramembrane charge(More)
Four manifestations of excitat ion-contraction (E-C) coupling were derived from measurements in cut skeletal muscle fibers of the frog, voltage clamped in a Vaseline-gap chamber: intramembranous charge movement currents, myoplasmic [Ca 2+] transients, flux of calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulure (SR), and the intrinsic optical transparency(More)
The effects of high intracellular concentrations of various calcium buffers on the myoplasmic calcium transient and on the rate of release of calcium (Rrel) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) were studied in voltage-clamped frog skeletal muscle fibers. The changes in intracellular calcium concentration (delta[Ca2+]) for 200-ms pulses to 0-20 mV were(More)
The effects of tetracaine on charge movements and on antipyrylazo III signals monitoring intracellular delta [Ca2+] were compared in cut frog semitendinosus muscle fibers in a single vaseline gap-voltage clamp. Low tetracaine concentrations (25-40 microM) markedly reduced delta [Ca2+] signals and shifted the rheobase. However, they neither influenced charge(More)
1. Single muscle fibres were dissociated enzymatically from the extensor digitorum communis muscle of rats. The fibres were mounted into a double Vaseline gap experimental chamber and the events in excitation-contraction coupling were studied under voltage clamp conditions in the presence and absence of the local anaesthetic tetracaine. 2. Changes in(More)
The delayed component of intramembranous charge movement (hump, I gamma) was studied around the contraction threshold in cut skeletal muscle fibers of the frog (Rana esculenta) in a single Vaseline-gap voltage clamp. Charges (Q) were computed as 50-ms integrals of the ON (QON) and OFF (QOFF) of the asymmetric currents after subtracting a baseline. The hump(More)