László Barna

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Few reports have described in detail a true autoactivation process, where no extrinsic cleavage factors are required to initiate the autoactivation of a zymogen. Herein, we provide structural and mechanistic insight into the autoactivation of a multidomain serine protease: mannose-binding lectin-associated serine protease-2 (MASP-2), the first enzymatic(More)
A major challenge in neuroscience is to determine the nanoscale position and quantity of signaling molecules in a cell type– and subcellular compartment–specific manner. We developed a new approach to this problem by combining cell-specific physiological and anatomical characterization with super-resolution imaging and studied the molecular and structural(More)
Hypothalamic neurosecretory systems are fundamental regulatory circuits influenced by thyroid hormone. Monocarboxylate-transporter-8 (MCT8)-mediated uptake of thyroid hormone followed by type 3 deiodinase (D3)-catalyzed inactivation represent limiting regulatory factors of neuronal T3 availability. In the present study we addressed the localization and(More)
BACKGROUND Placental Protein 13 (PP13), an early biomarker of preeclampsia, is a placenta-specific galectin that binds beta-galactosides, building-blocks of ABO blood-group antigens, possibly affecting its bioavailability in blood. METHODS AND FINDINGS We studied PP13-binding to erythrocytes, maternal blood-group effect on serum PP13 and its performance(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in tissue remodelling associated with various physiological and pathological processes, such as morphogenesis, angiogenesis, tissue repair, arthritis, chronic heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic inflammation and cancer metastasis. As a result, MMPs are considered to be viable(More)
UNLABELLED Persistent CB1 cannabinoid receptor activity limits neurotransmitter release at various synapses throughout the brain. However, it is not fully understood how constitutively active CB1 receptors, tonic endocannabinoid signaling, and its regulation by multiple serine hydrolases contribute to the synapse-specific calibration of neurotransmitter(More)
Single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) is rapidly gaining popularity in the life sciences as an efficient approach to visualize molecular distribution with nanoscale precision. However, it has been challenging to obtain and analyze such data within a cellular context in tissue preparations. Here we describe a 5-d tissue processing and immunostaining(More)
A possible approach to generate enzymes with an engineered temperature optimum is to create chimeras of homologous enzymes with different temperature optima. We tested this approach using two family-10 xylanases from Thermotoga maritima: the thermophilic xylanase A catalytic domain (TmxAcat, T(opt)=68 degrees C), and the hyperthermophilic xylanase B (TmxB,(More)
Full-length cDNAs of placental protein 20 (PP20) were cloned by screening a human placental cDNA library, which encode a 243 amino acid protein, identical to human thiamin pyrophosphokinase (hTPK) as confirmed by protein sequence analysis. Genomic alignment showed that the PP20/hTPK gene contains 9 exons. It is abundantly expressed in placenta, as numerous(More)
C1r, C1s, MBL-associated serine protease (MASP)-1, MASP-2 and MASP-3 are mosaic serine proteases of the classical and lectin pathways of complement. They form a family of enzymes with identical domain organization and similar overall structure, but with different enzymatic properties. MASP-2 of the lectin pathway can autoactivate and cleave C4 and C2(More)