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Sirtuins catalyze NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylation and are critical regulators of transcription, apoptosis, metabolism, and aging. There are seven human sirtuins (SIRT1-7), and SIRT1 has been implicated as a key mediator of the pathways downstream of calorie restriction that have been shown to delay the onset and reduce the incidence of age-related(More)
Phosphoramidon has been shown to inhibit endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) in a remarkably pH-dependent manner (Ahn et al. Arch Biochem Biophys 1998;359:258-68). In order to determine whether this dramatic pH-dependence is a general phenomenon of ECE-1, two structurally unrelated ECE-1 inhibitors, PD 069185 and CGS 31447, were tested for ECE-1(More)
Endocannabinoids are lipid signaling molecules that regulate a wide range of mammalian behaviors, including pain, inflammation, and cognitive/emotional state. The endocannabinoid anandamide is principally degraded by the integral membrane enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), and there is currently much interest in developing FAAH inhibitors to augment(More)
RATIONALE Manipulations of the endocannabinoid/fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) signaling systems result in conflicting and paradoxical effects in rodent models of emotional reactivity. OBJECTIVES In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that the inhibition of FAAH would elicit significant effects in murine models used to screen anxiolytic and(More)
The endogenous cannabinoid (endocannabinoid) anandamide is principally degraded by the integral membrane enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). Pharmacological blockade of FAAH has emerged as a potentially attractive strategy for augmenting endocannabinoid signaling and retaining the beneficial effects of cannabinoid receptor activation, while avoiding(More)
Endothelins are peptide hormones with a potent vasoconstrictor activity that are also known to function as intercellular signaling molecules. The final step in the biosynthesis of endothelins is the proteolytic processing of precursor peptides by endothelin-converting enzymes (ECEs). ECE-1 is a zinc metalloendopeptidase related in amino acid sequence to(More)
Intrahepatic lipid accumulation is extremely common in obese subjects and is associated with the development of insulin resistance and diabetes. Hepatic diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol synthesis predominantly occurs through acylation of glycerol-3-phosphate. However, an alternative pathway for synthesizing diacylglycerol from monoacylglycerol(More)
Endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1) is a membrane-bound zinc metallopeptidase that is homologous to neprilysin in amino acid sequence. A major in vivo function of ECE-1 is the generation of endothelin-1, a potent vasoconstrictor, from big endothelin-1. ECE-1 is also potentially involved in the processing or degradation of other peptide hormones. In this(More)
Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is an integral membrane enzyme that degrades the fatty acid amide family of signaling lipids, including the endocannabinoid anandamide. Genetic or pharmacological inactivation of FAAH leads to analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, and antidepressant phenotypes in rodents without showing the undesirable side effects(More)