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While the results of animal studies have shown that perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) can modulate concentrations of thyroid hormones in blood, limited information is available on relationships between concentrations of PFCs in human blood serum and fetal thyroid hormones. The relationship between concentrations of PFCs in blood and fetal thyroid hormone(More)
Organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) are frequently detected in environment and biota. However, knowledge on their potential toxicological effects is limited. Endocrine disrupting potentials of six OPFRs, i.e., tris-(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP), tris-(2-chloroisopropyl) phosphate (TCPP), tris-(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCPP),(More)
Hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs) are suspected endocrine disruptors, which can pass through the mammalian placenta and accumulate in the human maternal-fetal-placental unit. However, little is known about mechanisms of placental transfer and the associated risk(s). Ten OH-PBDE congeners, bisphenol A (BPA), total 17beta-estradiol (E2),(More)
Pharmaceuticals have been frequently detected in the aquatic environment. Their potential effects on the endocrine system in wildlife are of special concern because these alterations could lead to impaired reproduction. We evaluated ecotoxicities associated with long-term exposure to mefenamic acid (MFA) and potential endocrine disruption. For this purpose,(More)
While bisphenol S (BPS) has been frequently detected both in environment and biota, limited information is available on their effects of endocrine system. In the present study, adult zebrafish pairs were exposed to 0.5, 5, and 50 μg/L of BPS for 21 d, and the effects on reproduction, sex steroid hormones, and transcription of the genes belonging to the(More)
To understand potential risks of major pharmaceutical residues in waters, we evaluated ecotoxicities of five major veterinary pharmaceuticals, i.e., chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, sulfamethazine, sulfathiazole, and erythromycin, which have been frequently detected in freshwater environment worldwide. We conducted acute and chronic toxicity tests using(More)
BACKGROUND Many bacterial or mammalian cell-based test systems, such as the Ames test, chromosomal aberration assays, or gene mutation assays, are commonly used in developed countries to detect the genotoxicity of industrial chemicals. However, the specificity is generally limited and the sensitivity is not sufficiently high. In addition, most assays cannot(More)
Consequences of long-term exposure to diclofenac up to 3 months were evaluated using freshwater crustaceans (Daphnia magna and Moina macrocopa) and a fish (Oryzias latipes). Marked decrease of reproduction was observed at 25 mg/L for D. magna, and at 50 mg/L for M. macrocopa. Three-month exposure of fish to 0.001-10 mg/L of diclofenac resulted in(More)
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been extensively utilized as flame retardants, and recently there has been concern about potential adverse effects in humans and wildlife. Their hydroxylated analogs (OH-BDEs) have received increasing attention due to their potential for endocrine and neurological toxicities. However, the potentials and mechanisms(More)
The Hebei Spirit oil spill episode (December 7, 2007) has affected the western coastal area of South Korea; however, there is limited information on the potential toxicity of the oil spill to the ecosystem or humans. The potential toxicity of sediments collected from the affected area (n = 22) 2 years after the spill was evaluated. Acute lethal toxicity(More)